Literature after 00 | Silent Watch (Novel)

Widowed (dialect, widowed is dumb), this is what the villagers call him. He is a poor old man, an old man who was dumb because he had a fever and took too much bezoar in his childhood, and an old man who only had three or five sheep. Widowed ancestor is what I call him, because he is two generations older than me.
I vaguely remember that I met my widowed ancestors several times during the summer vacation in primary school. I have never forgotten this scene.
When the morning sun climbs to the blue tile on the roof along the earth wall, the sheep are also waiting for their owner, the widowed bodhi old zu. Although it is hot, he always wears a Lei Feng hat that has been blackened by smoke, a black double-breasted cotton coat, a pot helmet in his arms that can never be eaten, and a kettle, leading the sheep to wander along the winding path in the field, hanging on the sheep’s neck all the way. No one knows his age, but everyone knows that his legs and feet are still vigorous, and he walks agile and steady on the almost vertical loess road mixed with gravel, just like the sheep behind him. His destination is the top of the mountain. Because the mountainside is mostly farmland, a yellow mud road is inserted horizontally, and there are still several paths lengthwise, but they are all covered by tall corn stalks. Widowed ancestors can only drive the sheep through this "forbidden land" as soon as possible-destroying crops will lose the "pass" of this land. I finally walked through the fields, and the sun really came out. At this time, the sheep can indulge in grazing, and the widowed ancestor will lean against the shade or chew the helmet with white water or take a nap.
I claim to be a "wild child", and several hills near my home are my playgrounds, so it is inevitable to meet him. When I saw those sheep grazing leisurely, I knew that my widowed bodhi old zu was nearby, but he always seemed to predict my arrival in advance. As soon as I saw it, I wanted to keep me by shouting, with my mouth wide open and my Adam’s apple wriggling sharply, and waved my arms to beckon me over. Then I used his hands as rough as an old walnut shell to hold a full "mountain products"-sweet and sour Schisandra chinensis.
The widowed ancestor is enthusiastic and diligent, and he works hard in the village, whether it’s weddings, funerals, or the anniversary of the burial. He swung his axe like the wind, and every time he fell, he split the firewood properly, and the sawdust scattered. Then, he turned to the triviality of boiling water and shochu; He added fuel to the fire, adjusted the fire, sometimes bowed his head and blew air to make the flames dance, and sometimes gently stirred the soju in the pot, making the water waves slightly overflow, and the fragrance of wine gradually diffused in this leisurely action; With the progress of the banquet, I saw the widowed bodhi old zu holding the tray firmly in his left hand and the dishes lightly in his right hand, with steady steps like flowing water, shuttling between the fire and the guests, and silently conveying his blessings and respect every time he bowed his head and smiled. The figure of the widowed ancestor, shuttling between the boiling of the villagers, is particularly diligent. In the last round of the banquet, he ate with the people who helped cook for his family, mostly the women in the village. A woman often jokes: "Seeing a widowed child is diligent, capable and able to eat. If you find a woman, you should be happy!" When he said this, he gave all the meat on the table to the widowed bodhi old zu. "Just eat, you are afraid that you can’t eat meat a few times a year!" Shame that he turned straight behind, repeatedly motioning with his hand, "ahhh ….." That’s enough.
During the three years since I finished junior high school, the life of my widowed ancestors seems to be so day after day, year after year. Or maybe I studied in the town and went back to my hometown less often and didn’t notice it. Until the spring of the second year of high school, I didn’t hear the long bell ringing on the sheep’s neck in the early morning of my hometown, only the sound of "praising and praising" with a hoe was endless. Later, I learned from my mother that the widowed ancestor had already sold all his sheep. I asked my mother why, and only then did I know that my widowed ancestor was accidentally caught in a wild boar when he was herding sheep in the mountains in the summer years ago. Fortunately, he was found by the villagers in time and was sent to the hospital at the first time without leaving his disability. Although he is not disabled, he can only walk on crutches, and he can’t herd sheep. With the money earned by selling sheep, plus the subsidies for the disabled and the five guarantees, it is said that the widowed ancestors should live a few days at leisure, at least until the injury is almost healed. But he couldn’t spare time, so he opened another piece of land to grow wheat at the vegetable field in front of his house. I walked on crutches, carried benches and hoes to hoe the ground, and when I was tired, I sat down and dug. This is what I witnessed with my own eyes.
Unconsciously, the wheat seedlings have grown to the knee height, and all the trees are full of green, swaying in the wind. Perhaps the widowed ancestor knew that they were growing sturdily, so he did not have to work hard in the fields, and the sound of "boasting and boasting" became more and more sparse, just like those weeds he had dug up; But it’s getting more and more boring, like cicadas in the hot summer.
Until the widowed ancestor did not greet his harvest in the wheat field, until the villagers learned that he had died on his couch for many days.
This wheat field without its owner is still full of vitality.
Wheat seedlings bear the brunt of the wind and rain, bearing ears of wheat, and finally spreading seeds on the land where they were born with the wind.
Source: China Youth Daily client

"Japan’s blatant discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea is extremely irresponsible for the future of mankind."

  On August 24th, the Japanese government ignored the opposition from home and abroad and unilaterally forced the Fukushima nuclear polluted water to be discharged into the sea. People from many countries and the media pointed out that the legitimacy, legality and safety of Japan’s plan to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea have been questioned by the international community. The Japanese government ignored the legitimate concerns of all parties, violated its international obligations, and forced nuclear polluted water to be discharged into the sea, endangering the marine environment and human health and infringing on the legitimate rights and interests of neighboring countries. It was extremely selfish and irresponsible.

  "It will destroy the marine environment, damage the social economy and bring negative effects to the whole world."

  On the afternoon of August 22nd, the "National Action to Prevent Japan’s Radioactive Contaminated Water from Discharging into the Sea" and the Common Democratic Party, the largest opposition party in South Korea, held emergency press conferences in front of the Japanese Embassy in South Korea to protest against the Japanese government’s launching of nuclear contaminated water discharge into the sea. The delegates attending the rally held slogans such as "Swear to the death to oppose (nuclear polluted water) discharging into the sea" and "The sea is not a nuclear dump in Japan" and shouted slogans such as "Immediately withdraw the decision to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea".

  The Common Democratic Party issued a statement on the 22nd, saying: "Japan, as a member of the international community, ignored the international laws and standards that should be respected and made destructive decisions, which violated the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the London Convention on Dumping." The statement on "National Action to Prevent Japan’s Radioactive Contaminated Water from Discharging into the Sea" said that under the circumstance that the safety of Fukushima nuclear contaminated water discharge into the sea could not be confirmed by experts, the Japanese government still pushed this plan, "which will destroy the marine environment, damage the social economy and bring negative effects to the whole world".

  On the 23rd, environmental groups and civil society groups all over Korea continued to hold protests. The Common Democratic Party held a rally in front of the main building of the National Assembly that night. More than 1,000 people attended the rally, and all parties demanded that the Japanese government immediately withdraw its plan to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea. Li Zaiming, a representative of the Common Democratic Party, said that Japan had launched an imperialist war of aggression and threatened neighboring countries, but now it has once again brought irreparable disasters to South Korea and countries along the Pacific Ocean by discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea.

  The South Korean government said on the 24th that it will continue to maintain the import ban on aquatic products in Fukushima and other places in Japan. Yonhap News Agency reported that the start of the work of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea will cause Korean people to worry about the safety of aquatic products. South Korea’s "Korean National Daily" published an editorial saying that the Japanese government decided to forcibly discharge Fukushima nuclear polluted water into the ocean. "This behavior is a crime against history." Japan’s move completely ignores the opposition and worries of many countries and people in the world.

  South Korea’s "Jingxiang News" published an editorial saying that the safety of nuclear polluted water discharged into the sea has not been scientifically verified. Japan concealed the fact that the multi-nuclide treatment system (ALPS) often broke down from the initial stage of its startup, and rejected the request of the International Atomic Energy Agency to collect samples to confirm the performance of ALPS. In the next few decades, it is difficult to ensure that accidents or wrong operations will not occur. Although experts have put forward methods such as concrete preservation of nuclear contaminated water, Japan has chosen the most economical method of discharging it into the sea. The discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea harms people’s right to live safely and is an act of passing on the danger to the future generation. "Nuclear pollution will flow around the world along ocean currents. In case of problems, the responsibility will be entirely borne by Japan."

  Kim Hyun-cheol, Dean of the School of International Studies at Seoul National University, told this reporter that after the defeat of the Pacific War, Japan has always stressed that it was a victim of the nuclear explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, avoiding the introspection and apology needed as a war victim. Now, Japan has begun to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea again, which has undoubtedly become an injurer threatening the safety of all mankind.

  "The Japanese government’s actions, regardless of the safety and worries of neighboring countries, endanger the food chain of all mankind and are tantamount to criminal acts."

  Matai Serimaya, Vanuatu’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, called on the 23rd for the Pacific region to take strong actions to resist Japan’s actions. "Unless it can be proved beyond dispute that the nuclear polluted water is safe, Japan cannot discharge it into the sea".

  The Fiji NGO Human Rights League issued a statement saying that Japan’s discharge of nuclear polluted water into the Pacific Ocean violated the human rights of all people in the Pacific region, which would pose a great threat to marine life and the livelihood of people in the Asia-Pacific region who depend on marine resources.

  "Japan’s actions are undoubtedly selfish, irresponsible and arrogant, which will cause permanent damage to marine ecology." Joseph Matthews, a senior professor at Bertai International University in Cambodia, said that in the next few decades, radioactive substances in nuclear polluted water will remain in Japanese waters and even the entire Pacific Ocean, which will greatly affect the global seafood trade. "The Japanese government’s actions, regardless of the safety and worries of neighboring countries, endanger the food chain of all mankind and are tantamount to criminal acts."

  "Japan’s blatant discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea is extremely irresponsible for the future of mankind, and radioactive substances in the ocean will always affect the development of mankind." Laurel, founder of the Philippine BRICS Policy Research Association, said that there are a large number of fishermen living by the sea in the Philippines, and the nuclear polluted water will affect the livelihood of these fishermen and the global seafood production and trade. "Will the Japanese government compensate for these losses?"

  Alfred Welissa Gonzaga, editor-in-chief of Solomon Islands’ mainstream media, the Solomon Star, said that in the implementation of the whole plan of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea, Japan did not focus on protecting the interests of the Pacific Ocean, but tried its best to achieve the purpose of discharging the sea.

  Daryl Guppy, a well-known Australian political commentator, said in an interview with this reporter that discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea is not an ideal option. "If the Japanese side really has confidence in the safety statement, it may be necessary to discharge the nuclear polluted water into its own land water source."

  "This is an atrocity that violates the human rights of people in Fukushima, other neighboring counties and the Asia-Pacific region."

  Greenpeace issued a statement on the 22nd, criticizing the Japanese government for ignoring scientific evidence and violating the human rights of people in Japan and the Pacific region.

  The statement stressed that scientists warned that the radioactive risk of these nuclear polluted waters has not been fully assessed. This emission plan failed to conduct a comprehensive environmental impact assessment in accordance with the requirements of international legal obligations.

  Sean Bernie, a senior nuclear expert in Greenpeace’s East Asia region, said: "The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant is still in crisis, which has caused unprecedented serious harm, and there is no credible reactor scrapping plan at present. The Japanese government did not give an honest explanation on this issue, but deliberately polluted the marine environment by radioactivity for decades. This is an atrocity that violates the human rights of people in Fukushima, other neighboring counties and the Asia-Pacific region. "

  On the 22nd, the website of Russian Viewpoint quoted experts as saying that once Japan starts discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea, it will cause serious harm to marine life and human beings. Japan is conducting the largest experiment of deliberately polluting the ocean in human history. It is completely reasonable for neighboring countries in Japan to oppose the discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea. Japan’s behavior of ignoring disputes and focusing on its own short-term interests will threaten the ecological environment in the Asia-Pacific region.

  CNN reported that there is no technology to remove tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. Some scientists worry that even if the nuclear polluted water is diluted, it may cause harm to marine life, and pollutants may accumulate in the already fragile ecosystem.

  The New York Times issued a document saying that the incident of Japanese nuclear polluted water being discharged into the sea set a "wrong example". Japan’s decision-making is "neither transparent nor inclusive", which is bound to trigger decades of debate in the future.

  According to the website of the British magazine Nature, Robert Richmond, a member of the nuclear expert group of the Pacific Island Forum and director of the Kevalo Marine Laboratory at the University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA, asked whether people who promoted the process of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea proved that it was safe for the marine environment and human health. "The answer is no". Richmond said that several of their scientists have reviewed all the data provided by TEPCO and the Japanese government and visited the Fukushima nuclear power plant, but the questions about tritium and carbon 14 have not been answered.

  According to Deutsche Bahn, German environmental organizations criticized Japan’s forced launch of nuclear pollution water discharge into the sea. The German Federation for Environment and Nature Conservation said that "the ocean is not a garbage dump".

  (Reporter Shine Wong, Ma Fei, Zhao Yipu, Chen Xiaowei, Li Zhiwei, Xiao Xinxin, Guo Ziyun, Shang Kaiyuan, Liu Hui)

The world’s first permanently preserved ski jumping platform "Feitian" appeared!

  On October 31, 2019, Shougang ski jumping platform was completed as the first new competition venue in Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.

  The track structure of Shougang Ski Jumping Platform is 164 meters long, the track width varies from 10 meters to 30 meters from top to bottom, the highest point of modeling is 60 meters, and the height of athletes’ starting area is 48 meters. The track is mainly divided into four parts: the sliding aid area, the take-off platform, the landing slope and the terminal area. The main structure of the platform is steel frame, with about 4,100 tons of steel, all of which are made by Shougang. Among them, the fire-resistant and weather-resistant steel independently developed by Shougang and complete sets of technology are applied to the referee tower structure for the first time, and the steel plates, supporting welding materials and bolts used have strong fire resistance, weather resistance and corrosion resistance.

  On October 12, 2021, officials of the International Snow Federation made the last site inspection on Shougang ski platform before the Winter Olympics, and inspected the venue safety protection system, snowmaking system, competition organization function room, general sports equipment, etc., and evaluated the venue streamline design, regional division, technical support, mountain operation and secondary molding preparation. After the inspection, officials of the International Snow Federation spoke highly of the construction and preparation of the venue.

  Song Jiaye, deputy director of the Urban Venue Construction Department of the Beijing Major Project Construction Headquarters Office, said that Shougang Ski Platform is the first newly-built venue completed in the Beijing Division of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, and it is also the only snow competition venue. It will host the ski platform competition of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, and four gold medals will be produced here during the Beijing Winter Olympics. After the Winter Olympics, it will become the world’s first permanently reserved and used ski platform venue, a professional sports competition and training venue, and open to the public for mass leisure and fitness activities.

  The image of the world’s first permanently preserved ski jumping platform "Flying" was officially unveiled.

  Shougang ski jumping platform consists of three parts: the track, the referee tower and the stand area. The 164-meter-long track is 34 meters wide at its widest point and 60 meters high at its highest point. The form of the competition is as follows: the players rapidly descend from a height, take off from a big platform, and perform high-altitude somersaults, gyrations and other technical actions.

  The design of the ski jumping platform of Shougang incorporated the element of "flying" in Dunhuang murals, a very famous world cultural heritage in China. The meaning of "flying" and the English word "Big Air" in the ski jumping platform project both have the meaning of leaping and flying into the air, and the curve of flying ribbon is very consistent with the curve of Shougang ski jumping platform, and the shape of the building is very beautiful and smooth. Therefore, Shougang ski jumping platform is named after "Snow Flying". The design of the gradient color of the big platform is inspired by the emblem of the Winter Olympics, and there are 24 colors from blue to yellow.

  Shougang ski jumping platform started in December 2018 and was completed on October 31, 2019. The construction period is less than one year, and the renovation time is very urgent. In just over 300 days, the builders turned it from a drawing into a physical object, from a design concept into a reality, which not only met the needs of the competition, but also took into account many factors such as space, function, structure and safety, and built an unprecedented ski jumping platform that was permanently reserved and used.

  Perfect Transformation of Industrial Heritage The concept of "sustainability" runs through the Olympic Games.

  Shougang ski jumping platform is located in the north area of Shougang old industrial park. The original Shougang power generation main building, cooling tower and original Shougang oxygen plant are distributed in turn from north to south. Adhering to the concept of "sustainable development" of Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, choosing the address of ski jumping platform in Shougang Park is to make full use of the old factory buildings and industrial structures in Shougang around the big jumping platform for repair and transformation, so as to meet the functions of competition, broadcast and audience service in the Winter Olympics.

  It is understood that the original cooling pump station in Shougang’s old factory area will be transformed into a ticket inspection and security hall and an event management office area during the Winter Olympics, and will be transformed into a multi-functional comprehensive building after the games to provide supporting services for the future Shougang Ski Jumping Platform Sports Park; The old main oxygen plant was transformed into a comprehensive service building during the Winter Olympics.

  The relevant person in charge of Beijing Shougang Construction Investment Co., Ltd. introduced that Shougang ski jumping platform fully considered the industrial heritage value of the old factory building, reformed and reused the original industrial factory building of Shougang, and carefully designed and built it into a supporting service facility for the Beijing Winter Olympics, realizing the effective transformation and perfect combination of industrial heritage and the Winter Olympics venue.

  Shougang Ski Jumping Platform is backed by an attached building transformed from an industrial cooling tower, with Shijingshan and Yongding River as the natural background, which will become a representative landscape of the perfect integration of Beijing’s old industrial site culture and Olympic culture. At the same time, it will also promote the landscape integration of the surrounding areas, which will become a wonderful landscape center in the western part of the city both during and after the games. This practice has been unanimously affirmed by the International Olympic Committee and the International Snow Federation, and it is also a vivid practice of the sustainable concept of the Beijing Winter Olympics.

  Innovating and breaking through variable profile technology to help all-season utilization

  Shougang and Tsinghua Architectural Research Institute jointly carried out the national key R&D plan "Technology Research on Track Conversion, Sharing and Facilities Utilization in All Seasons", and conducted in-depth research on the sustainable utilization of the big platform track after the game. The track variable profile is in the inclined platform area of Shougang platform — — An area with a length of about 36 meters, a width of about 14 meters and a maximum height difference of about 3.5 meters is built with about 1,100 modules, so that the curved surface of the track is changed, and the rapid switching between the snowboarding platform and the freestyle skiing aerial skill track is realized. According to the conversion requirements, it can be built repeatedly, saving costs and practicing the concept of sustainable use of venues.

  Shougang ski platform is the world’s first permanently reserved platform competition venue and the only snow venue in Beijing. In order to expand the influence of the big platform project, the International Olympic Committee confirmed in July 2018 that the freestyle ski platform competition was added to the Shougang ski platform. Therefore, during the Beijing Winter Olympics, there will be two competitions, snowboarding and freestyle big air, in Shougang ski platform, which will produce four gold medals, two for men and two for women. Beijing Winter Olympics is the second Olympic Games to host this event and the first permanent track for this event.

  After the game, we will serve the mass movement and dedicate a "sports theme park" to the Winter Olympics.

  The relevant person in charge of Beijing Shougang Construction Investment Co., Ltd. told the reporter that the ski jumping platform is the most popular sport among young urban groups in the Winter Olympics and the World Skiing Championships. The venue for the Beijing Winter Olympics was selected in the central city of Beijing and settled in Shougang Park, hoping to perfectly combine this unique event with our urban culture and further promote urban renewal and development through the Olympics. However, the utilization of the ski platform in Shougang was fully considered at the beginning of design and construction. After the Winter Olympics, the ski platform can realize rapid transformation.

  It is understood that the Shougang ski jumping platform started construction at the end of December 2018, and was officially delivered in November 2019. In December of the same year, the International Class A World Cup was held, which perfectly completed the first show after the completion of the venue and won unanimous praise from the International Snow Federation and athletes from all over the world. In 2020, Shougang Ski Jumping Platform held the "2021 Winter Olympics Global New Year’s Ice and Snow Festival" and BTV New Year Countdown. After the Winter Olympics, the venue can host sports competitions of big platform events at home and abroad, and become a training venue for professional athletes and sports teams, a training base for young reserve talents, and a training base for event managers, which will directly serve the promotion of ice and snow sports in China.

  At the same time, the water outlet was reserved during the construction of the track, and the big platform can not only ski, but also be transformed into more projects such as water skiing and grass skiing according to demand in the future. In the sports square and audience area under the ski jumping platform, the builder has specially set up an "atmosphere lighting" system, which will bring the audience a completely different experience from traditional events in the future, and at the same time, it can also hold large-scale activities such as concerts … … A development model of urban renewal driven by Olympic heritage is being popularized.

  (CCTV reporter Xu Mengzhe Zheng Xinyu Ren Shengyuan)

Receive relief, be homeless

The United States is not only the largest economy in the world, but also a western country with the most serious polarization between the rich and the poor. For a long time, it can’t get out of the dilemma that the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.
Christmas bells and homeless people
A few days before Christmas, it was cold in new york, USA. On the morning of 23rd, residents went to St. michaels’s Episcopal Church on the west side of Central Park in northern Manhattan. Instead of worshipping, they gathered outside the back door of the church with bags in their hands or shopping carts, waiting for free food and warm gloves, shoes and clothes taken out of the church. Whenever the staff took out some items, the people present rushed to get them into their hands, and the staff had to say loudly, "Learn to share".
The picture shows that on December 24th, in new york, USA, the staff of "new york Public Food Storage Room" distributed free food to the public. Xinhua news agency
On the east side of Central Park, new york Public Food Store, a non-governmental organization there, did not arrange to distribute free food that day, but "regular customers" still came to find out from time to time. After hearing the disappointing news, some people left disappointed, while others kept ringing the doorbell and expected a response.
On the afternoon of 23rd, Jose Aristeo, who was about sixty years old, came here with an empty shopping cart. He told reporters that he had been here once this morning.
The picture shows that on December 24th, in new york, USA, people lined up in the "new york Public Food Storage Room" to receive free food. Xinhua news agency
"I’ve been here twice, I’m tired, and I have asthma." Aristeo showed reporters the medicines he carried with him, and he still kept a certificate in his hand that he could get vegetables from this NGO. On the same day, Aristeo was told that vegetables would not be distributed on this day.
Jose gonzalez, a staff member of new york Public Food Storage Room, told reporters,The number of people who come to receive free food has increased sharply this year, and a new shelter has been opened nearby.Stephen grimaldi, executive director of the organization, said earlier that before the epidemic, the "new york Public Food Storage Room" provided about 6.3 million meals a year, and the supply is expected to exceed 11 million this year.
According to the 2023 annual report released by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development this month,At present, the number of homeless people in the United States exceeds 650 thousand.The year-on-year growth rate was 12%, a record high since statistics began in 2007.
The picture shows that on December 24th, in new york, USA, the staff of "new york Public Food Storage Room" distributed free food to the public. Xinhua news agency
Multiple factors boost the polarization between the rich and the poor in the United States
This is not the first time that such a scene has appeared. In the past 100 years, the gap between the rich and the poor in the United States has shown a "positive U-shaped" trend of change.
The polarization between the rich and the poor in the United States is caused by many factors, including capital monopoly, electoral politics, government policies, the weakening of trade unions and racial discrimination.
A camp for the homeless in San Francisco, USA. Source: China Newsweek
Polarization and unfair distribution of wealth are the normal and inevitable trend of capitalism., leading to the accumulation of wealth and poverty in the United States at the same time. Since the 1970s, American conservatism and liberalism have risen, and the concepts of marketization and internationalization have replaced the values of equality. The American economic system has turned to advocating privatization, giving up imposing progressive taxes, weakening trade unions and relaxing financial control. These policy choices have made the problem of polarization between the rich and the poor even more hopeless.
The weak strength of trade unions intensifies the polarization between the rich and the poor.In the 1950s, about one-third of American workers belonged to trade unions. In 1978, the membership rate of trade unions was still 23.8%, which dropped to 11.3% in 2011 and 10.3% in 2021. The proportion of black workers joining trade unions is higher than that of other races, and the decline of unionization has a particularly serious impact on black workers, aggravating the poverty of black ethnic groups.
The gap between the rich and the poor is closely related to race.The average income of American black, Hispanic or Latino families is about half that of white families, and their net wealth is only 15% to 20% of that of white families. Federal Reserve data show that this gap has widened significantly in the past few decades. Since 1989, the median wealth of white families has tripled, while the wealth of black, Hispanic and Latino families has hardly increased. According to a survey conducted by the Federal Reserve in 2019, the net assets of the median white family in the United States are 10 times that of the median black family, and the total wealth of the 400 richest American billionaires exceeds the total wealth of 10 million black American families.
Racial discrimination in the job market is serious.For a long time, the unemployment rate of blacks in the United States is about twice that of whites. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, the unemployment rate in the United States reached a historical low of 3.5%, but the unemployment rate of black and Hispanic workers was still much higher than this. Black Americans are poorly represented in high-paying positions in enterprises. In 2020, there were only four black CEOs in Fortune 500 companies.
The adverse consequences of the widening gap between rich and poor in the United States
More and more evidence shows that high wealth inequality is not conducive to economic and social development.
First of all, with the widening gap between the rich and the poor, demonstrations broke out in the United States in recent years.From the "Occupy Wall Street Movement" that originated in the United States in 2011 to the "Black Lives Matters" parade that opposed the violent law enforcement by American police in 2020, some demonstrations even turned into violent incidents. Behind the large-scale demonstrations are the dissatisfaction and struggle of the bottom people in the United States against racial discrimination, class solidification and wealth differentiation. In the case of constant social conflicts, the economic and social development of the United States will be affected to varying degrees.
Secondly,The polarization between the rich and the poor intensifies social injustice in the United States.In the United States, higher education resources are always disproportionately inclined to the rich, and low-income people lose equal opportunities for education. According to a statistic, among the 38 elite American universities, the number of students from the top 1% American families is more than that from the bottom 60% American families. According to a research report in Journal of American Medical Association, the average life expectancy gap between the poorest class and the richest class in California has widened to 15.51 years due to the COVID-19 epidemic. The deepening of racial conflicts, frequent urban riots and serious violent crimes … The chaos in American society is closely related to the widening gap between the rich and the poor.
Finally, high wealth inequality will breed more rent-seeking behaviors and bring social injustice.Joseph stiglitz, an economist, defines rent-seeking as "the act of trying to get more share of the cake without making a big cake". In American society, politicians generally need private financial support to carry out election campaigns. Moreover, compared with the poor, the rich often have more social influence and discourse power, and economic inequality will aggravate political inequality at this time. On the one hand, the rich tend to support tax relief policies, resist public welfare expenditure items and redistribution policies; On the other hand, the rich will persuade the government to deregulate their interest groups, thus gaining monopoly market and excess income. When the rich have more dominance in political decision-making, while the political participation of low-income people or the working class continues to decline, the division and opposition of American society will become more serious.
Source: China Newsweek
Xiong Yihan, a professor at Fudan University, once said:The measure of a society’s material civilization depends on how its poor people live; A measure of a society’s spiritual civilization depends on how well its rich people do.When the United States moves forward as the world’s number one capitalist country, it may be time to lift the glamorous veil and face up to the cold reality of its polarization between the rich and the poor.
Source: Comprehensive from Xinhua News Agency, Xinhuanet, China News Weekly and People’s Daily International Report.Guangzhou Daily Xinhua City Editor: Liu Chengyu