Mobile phone pre-installed software is difficult to uninstall: some apps are restored after the system upgrade.

  BEIJING, Beijing, August 18 (Wu Tao) Since July 1 this year, pre-installed software for non-basic functions in mobile phones should be uninstalled. Although this regulation has been implemented for more than a month, the reporter of Zhongxin. com found that there are still many pre-installed softwares that are difficult to uninstall, and some pre-installed softwares will automatically "come back" as soon as the system is updated and upgraded.

  Data Map: Users use mobile APP to watch videos. Zhongxin. com Cheng Chunyu photo

  Some pre-installed software is still difficult to uninstall.

  On July 1st, the Interim Provisions on the Administration of Preset and Distribution of Application Software for Mobile Intelligent Terminals (hereinafter referred to as the Provisions) was formally implemented. As required by the Regulations,Manufacturers and Internet information service providers should ensure that mobile intelligent terminal application software can be uninstalled except basic function software. The manufacturer shall ensure that the uninstalled preset software is not forcibly restored when the operating system of the mobile intelligent terminal is upgraded..

  At the beginning of July, the reporter of Zhongxin. com tried to upgrade a Xiaomi MAX to the latest version of MIUI system (stable version 8.2.3.0), and found that some software that had been uninstalled was "back", including Xiaomi live broadcast.

  In August, the reporter once again upgraded the above Xiaomi mobile phone system to the latest version of MIUI system (stable version 8.5.2.0), and found that some apps such as Xiaomi video and games still cannot be uninstalled.

  This situation is not rare. For example, in Huawei P9, software such as membership services and wallets cannot be uninstalled. After the implementation of the Regulations, there areMany users commented on Weibo that many pre-installed software is still difficult to delete..

  Wang Yanhui, secretary general of China Mobile Alliance, said in an interview with Zhongxin.com,After the implementation of the relevant regulations of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, there are fewer cases where pre-installed software cannot be uninstalled, but there are still many mobile phone systems that will be installed after they are updated or restored. "This situation may continue to exist for some time in the future."

  Data map. The "camera" function in the mobile phone is the basic function. China News Service reporter Ren Dongshe

  Controversial "Basic Function" Pre-installed Software

  Of course, for some pre-installed software that cannot be uninstalled, manufacturers may think that these are basic functional software. Therefore, this involves the definition of basic functional software.

  So,Which software belongs to the basic function application software?In this regard, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is clear.Basic function software refers to the mobile intelligent terminal application software that ensures the normal operation of the hardware and operating system of the mobile intelligent terminal., mainly including four categories: First, the basic components of the operating system, such asSystem kernel application, virtual machine application, web browsing engine.Wait; The second is to ensure the normal operation of intelligent terminal hardware applications, such asApplication of Bluetooth, GPS and Fingerprint SensorWait; Third, basic communication applications, such asSMS, Dialing, ContactsWait; The fourth is the application software download channel, such asApplication storeWait.

  Xiang Ligang, an expert in the communication industry, analyzed in an interview with Zhongxin.com, "It is very clear now, not ‘ Basic functions ’ It is illegal to uninstall the pre-installed software. butSpecific to whether an APP belongs to ‘ Basic functions ’ Software is controversial at present, and many enterprises are playing on it ‘ Edge ball ’. "

  "For example, in a mobile phone, ‘ Camera ’ The software can’t be uninstalled, because it can’t take pictures after uninstalling, which affects the normal use of the mobile phone. But now there are more powerful third-party camera software pre-installed. Is this basic function software? Is it the same function? Which can be uninstalled and which can’t be uninstalled? " Xiang Ligang said.

  According to the "Regulations", at most one basic function software preset in the terminal to realize the same function can be set as non-uninstallable.

  Data Map: Different apps on smart phones have different functions.

  Follow-up: Why do manufacturers have to pre-install software?

  Why are there a lot of software in the newly bought mobile phone that can’t even be uninstalled? Xiang Ligang analysis, if the brand mobile phone is installed with third-party software, it is obviously linked with interests.

  The reporter noticed that this phenomenon has existed for many years. As early as 2015, some media reported that "the magic China mobile phone: the cost has been recovered before it is sold", which means that mobile phone manufacturers make money by pre-installed software.

  Wang Yanhui analysis, first of all, the market has this demand,In the era of mobile Internet, APP vendors or Internet companies have realized that pre-installation is a channel for distribution and promotion; In addition, pre-installed software has become a part of the income of mobile phone manufacturers, and mobile phone manufacturers will not easily let go of this field..

  “Huawei, OPPO, and vivo have a revenue scale of several billion yuan every year in terms of APP distribution, and Xiaomi is more."Wang Yanhui revealed.

  According to media reports, there are two channels for mobile phone pre-installed software, except for mobile phone manufacturers. One is to cooperate with telecom operators to customize, and operators are responsible for pre-installation; There is also cooperation with sales channels, and channel merchants pre-install software in the later stage.

  The reporter noted that in this regard,The "Regulations" clearly require that production enterprises should restrict sales channels and not install application software in mobile intelligent terminals without the consent of users.And prompt the possibility, risks and countermeasures of user terminals being loaded into application software in sales channels and other links. (End)

The Olympic record holder of the modern pentathlon men’s swimming event only ranks fifth.


  Good Luck Beijing Sports Official Website On September 15th, the world’s top modern pentathlon athletes once again gathered in Yingdong Swimming Pool to start the third event-swimming competition. Some athletes were shouldering high expectations. To the excitement of the audience, China’s Cao Zhongrong achieved the best result in the 200m freestyle in 2 minutes 0.87 seconds. Moiseev, the Olympic record holder who was considered as one of the popular swimmers before the competition, was only ranked fifth.

  In the first group competition, Sebastian Dietz of Germany, who is in the fourth lane, won the first place with a score of 2: 08.26,1264. The second place was Stefano Pecci of Italy in the eighth lane, one length behind the first one, with a score of 2 minutes, 20 seconds and 91 seconds. His teammate Federico Simonetti won the third place.

  With the whistle at the beginning of the second group, the audience’s eager eyes focused on China’s Qian Zhenhua, who also tried to give back to the audience with his best results. The speed of the second group was obviously faster than that of the first group. The French player took the lead after the final turn-back, and finally won the first place with a score of 2: 07.33,1272. To the excitement of the audience, Qian Zhenhua also achieved unexpectedly good results, ranking second with 1268 points.

  Because three Hungarian athletes hope to improve their ranking through excellent performance, the result of the third group is better than that of the first two groups. Polish Marcin Horbacz took the lead in the 100m, but Lithuanian Andrejus Zadneprovskis caught up and finished first in 2 minutes, 03.55 seconds. Horbatsch finished second in 2: 05.04, ahead of the fastest Hungarian player, Robert Nemeth (2: 06.12).

  After the ranking of the players in the first three groups was settled, the last nine players in the fourth group stood on the starting platform. This is the last chance for the athletes to break the modern pentathlon world record, that is, Egypt’s Amor El Geziry achieved a good result of 1 minute 54.44 seconds (1,428 points). Many people think that moiseev andrey, a Russian swimmer in the sixth lane, is the most likely to break the record, but China’s Cao Zhongrong kept the lead after 100 meters, which made the audience’s performance almost carnival.

  Cao Zhongrong finished the swimming competition with the fastest result of 2 minutes 0.87 seconds, and got 1352 points. Nicholas Woodbridge of Britain came in second with a time of 2: 01.45, followed by Eric Walther (2: 01.75). Moiseev, the Olympic record holder who was considered as one of the popular swimmers before the competition, was only ranked fifth. At the Athens Olympic Games, he set an Olympic record for swimming in the modern pentathlon-1 minute, 58.88 seconds, or 1,376 minutes.

Editor: Xu Guimei

On Taiwan’s election and criticism of "Taiwan independence" remarks, the Taiwan Affairs Office responded to cross-strait hot spots

  BEIJING, April 24 (Xinhua) On the morning of the 24th, the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council held a regular press conference. Spokesperson Ma Guang Xiao answered reporters’ questions on the recent 2020 election in Taiwan Province, Tsai Ing-Wen’s "Taiwan independence" remarks, cross-strait exchanges, and the draft amendment to the Regulations on People’s Relations across the Taiwan Strait. Ma Xiaoguang said that the mainland has never intervened in the elections in Taiwan Province, and the DPP authorities have constantly obstructed and restricted the exchanges and contacts between compatriots on both sides of the strait, suppressed the calls for reunification on both sides of the strait, and raised cross-strait opposition, exposing its true features of seeking one-party interests and "Taiwan independence".

  Profile photo: Guo Taiming, chairman of Taiwan Province Hon Hai Group, decided to participate in the primary election of 2020. Zhongxin.com reporter Li Junshe

  [Talking about the 2020 election: the statement of "mainland intervention" is sheer nonsense]

  Tsai Ing-Wen said a few days ago that in the "general election" in 2020, Kuomintang candidates appeared in South Korea’s Yu and Guo Taiming successively. She did not believe that the mainland did not intervene. Ma Xiaoguang said that we have emphasized many times that we have never been involved in elections in Taiwan Province. The DPP authorities are used to spreading slanderous words and spreading rumors to discredit the mainland. The question of Taiwan Province is an internal affair of China, and no external interference is allowed. The so-called "mainland intervention" is sheer nonsense with ulterior motives.

  [criticizing tsai ing-Wen’s "Taiwan independence" remarks: undermining the peaceful development of the two sides of the strait]

  In an interview a few days ago, Tsai Ing-Wen declared that he did not accept the "1992 Consensus" and insisted on the so-called "sovereign independence", saying that "maintaining the status quo" means maintaining the so-called "independence" status quo. Ma Xiaoguang pointed out that the remarks made by the leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) authorities are unprejudiced, exposing a political plot to overthrow the common political foundation of the "1992 Consensus" and undermine the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, which fully shows that the DPP authorities are the makers of cross-strait conflicts, the saboteurs of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait and the injurers of the interests of the people of Taiwan Province.

  In addition, Li Yi, a mainland American scholar who was invited to visit Taiwan, was expelled from the country by the Taiwan authorities a few days ago. Tsai Ing-Wen said, "If people from mainland China come to Taiwan to promote ‘ One country, two systems ’ 、‘ Unification by force ’ Wait, control measures should be taken to refuse entry when necessary. " Ma Xiaoguang said that for some time, the DPP authorities have constantly obstructed and restricted the exchanges and contacts between compatriots on both sides of the strait, suppressed calls for reunification on both sides of the strait, raised cross-strait opposition, and exposed its true features of seeking one-party interests and "Taiwan independence".

  On April 14th, local time, South Korea Yu, Mayor of Kaohsiung, Taiwan Province, delivered a speech in Los Angeles, talking about his political career. China News Service reporter Zhang Yushe

  [Comment on South Korea’s remarks on Yu’s visit to the United States: Cross-strait affairs should be discussed by family members]

  South Korea Yu said during his visit to the United States a few days ago, "Taiwan Province ‘ National defense ’ Relying on the United States, technology depends on Japan, and the market depends on the mainland. " In this regard, Ma Guang Xiao emphasized that compatriots on both sides of the strait are a family, and cross-strait affairs are the family affairs of compatriots on both sides of the strait, which should be handled by family members through consultation. I hope all Chinese people, including Taiwan Province compatriots, will conform to the historical trend, share the national justice, firmly hold the national destiny in their own hands, and create a bright future for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

  [On the Draft Amendment to the Regulations on Cross-Strait People’s Relations: Ruining the Future of Taiwan Province]

  The "Draft Amendment to the Regulations on People’s Relations between the Two Sides of the Taiwan Strait" recently passed by Taiwan’s administrative authorities, in which it is proposed to add that "the signing of political agreements through cross-strait negotiations should be subject to double deliberation and referendum by the legislature" and stipulate that "it shall not be an item of agreement". Ma Xiaoguang pointed out that the DPP authorities violated the common aspiration of compatriots on both sides of the strait for peace and development for the sake of one party and one self-interest. The peaceful development of cross-strait relations is the common aspiration and common interest of compatriots on both sides of the strait. Everything that is beneficial to the interests of compatriots on both sides of the strait and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation should be vigorously promoted.

  On April 17th, Chief Executive Chui Sai On (right) of the Macao Special Administrative Region met with James Soong, Chairman of the People First Party, at the government headquarters. The two sides exchanged views on deepening exchanges and cooperation between the two places and promoting Taiwan Province compatriots to participate in the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in the future. China News Agency issued Zhong Xin photo

  [The Taiwan authorities distorted James Soong’s delegation’s visit to Hong Kong and Macao: obstructing exchanges and cooperation]

  A few days ago, James Soong, Chairman of the People First Party, led a delegation to visit Hong Kong and Macao to enter the Liaison Office of the two places and met with the directors of the Liaison Office of the two places respectively. The Mainland Affairs Council claimed that the mainland arranged this trip with the intention of "united front" and eliminating the so-called "sovereignty of Taiwan Province". Ma Xiaoguang pointed out that James Soong led a delegation to visit Hong Kong and Macao, and the heads of the Liaison Offices in Hong Kong and Macao met with him respectively, which was a normal exchange. The DPP authorities distorted and slandered, fully exposing their attempts to obstruct cross-strait and Hong Kong and Macao exchanges and cooperation and harm the interests and well-being of compatriots.

  On September 13, 2018, Luo Tianhao, a Taiwan compatriot who worked in chengdu normal university for five years, took over the residence permit of Taiwan Province residents from the staff. China News Service reporter An Yuan photo

  [Taiwan people’s residence permit in the mainland has not been declared or the practice of being punished by the Taiwan authorities is unpopular]

  A few days ago, the Taiwan Province Affairs Council worked out to issue an administrative order in the second half of the year, stipulating that people who receive mainland residence permits must declare voluntarily, or they will be punished. Ma Xiaoguang said that the mainland issued residence permits to Taiwan Province compatriots in order to meet the needs of Taiwan Province compatriots, which was a good thing to benefit Taiwan and the people, and was also welcomed by the vast number of Taiwan Province compatriots. The DPP authorities, out of one-party selfishness, are everywhere against the interests of our compatriots in Taiwan Province and sabotage the good deeds of our compatriots in Taiwan Province. This is unpopular and will not succeed.

  [The mayor of Taixian County came to the mainland to communicate and meet the needs of the people]

  Recently, many county mayors in Taiwan Province visited the mainland for exchanges. Ma Xiaoguang pointed out that the mayor of Taiwan county came to the mainland to meet the needs of the people. We are willing to continue exchanges and cooperation with Taiwanese counties and cities in various fields on the basis of adhering to the "1992 Consensus" to enhance the well-being of Taiwan Province compatriots.

  [Encourage Taiwanese enterprises to invest in the mainland without discrimination]

  Want Want Group, a Taiwan-funded enterprise, has issued a statement to refute the report that it has received high government subsidies in the mainland and tried to "smear and discredit" the enterprise. Ma Xiaoguang said, over the years, we have encouraged and supported Taiwan-funded enterprises to invest and start businesses in the mainland, and taken active measures to provide them with various conveniences and equal treatment, so as to share the opportunities for development in the mainland and help them achieve greater and better development in the mainland. Our policy is inclusive, in accordance with laws and regulations, and all Taiwan Province enterprises are treated equally.

  The 2019 China Beijing World Horticultural Exposition will be held in Yanqing, Beijing from April 29th to October 7th. China News Service reporter Hou Yushe

  [Introduction to two activities: the Straits Forum is well prepared, and the Taiwan Province Garden of the World Expo has its own characteristics]

  When introducing the situation of the Straits Forum in 2019, Ma Xiaoguang said that the 11th Straits Forum will be held in Fujian Province on June 15th, and will continue to focus on and serve grassroots people and youth groups. At present, all preparations are progressing smoothly. Taiwan Province compatriots are welcome to actively participate in this forum, and media friends on both sides of the strait are also welcome to report.

  Regarding the 2019 China Beijing World Horticultural Exposition to be held in Yanqing District, Beijing on April 29th, Ma Xiaoguang said that at the invitation of the Beijing World Horticultural Exposition Bureau, Taiwan Province Garden covers an area of 2,000 square meters, which is divided into six landscape nodes: Xiangshan, Orchid, Time Road, Sun Moon Lake, farmland and mountain top. The garden is very attractive with Taiwan Province characteristics.