Trump’s police reform has made it difficult for the United States, the police and the people to stand in opposition.

  On June 16, local time, US President Trump signed an executive order to adjust the US police practice and qualification standards. The executive order made a statement on the large-scale protests by the American people against police brutality and racial discrimination in the past month, which meant that the government would "conform to public opinion" and make police reform.

  However, the American media pointed out that the administrative order did not explicitly prohibit some violent law enforcement methods that the people strongly demanded to abolish, and the police system it proposed to improve law enforcement standards was actually "encouragement" rather than restraint. Public opinion believes that the reform of the executive order signed by Trump is weak, and it supports the reform in the open, but it is still a supporter of the police’s tough law enforcement in the dark.

The Washington Post pointed out that the administrative order of police reform signed by Trump is full of formalism.

  The executive order is to encourage, not to require, the law enforcement of throat lock has not been abolished.

  Trump told reporters that this executive order will help the police departments in the United States adopt the highest standards to serve their communities. The order stipulates "practice and qualification examination" and "information sharing of police behavior" to avoid employing police officers with bad records and to track down police officers who have committed misconduct in law enforcement.

  However, the media pointed out that the executive order failed to clearly respond to some key issues, such as the standard and justification of the use of force mentioned in the executive order, but only "encouraged" its implementation; In addition, regarding the law enforcement means of throat lock, the administrative order has not explicitly abolished it, but indicated that it is generally unavailable, but it can be used in the case that "the law allows the use of lethal force".

  The police surrounded Trump and called him "selfless" and "brave"

  A number of media pointed out that although the signing of this executive order was caused by African-American Freud’s violent law enforcement by white police, the families of the victims were not invited to attend Trump’s signing ceremony. On the contrary, many military officers and police union personnel were surrounded by Trump. This seems to mean that Trump will never touch these law enforcement officers on which he relies, and how to reconcile the "social problems that deeply split the country" is still far away.

  In the signing ceremony speech that day, after Trump mentioned the pain experienced by the relatives of the victims, he immediately began to praise the American police for being "brave and selfless" and said that "Americans all know that if there is no police, chaos will occur." The media pointed out that Trump’s signing of this executive order is full of formalism, and he obviously does not want to risk angering law enforcement departments, because these are an important part of his conservative political foundation.

The Washington Post pointed out that Trump "does not want to risk angering law enforcement because it is an important part of his conservative political foundation."

  Serious problems minimize the police’s mental illness

  Public opinion generally pointed out that Trump’s executive order made no mention of how to solve the systematic racism problems among law enforcement personnel and comprehensive policy changes. However, these issues are crucial to criminal justice reform. Kendall Thomas, a law professor at Columbia University, believes that Trump did not mention any commitment to serious changes in his executive order, but only focused on police training rather than community safety. Thomas believes that the purpose of Trump’s executive order is only to maintain the status quo, and the moderate reform in accordance with the new provisions of the executive order will only make the police force stronger.

  Trump has always stressed that police misconduct is a "case" and the number is "very small". Rachel Bako, professor and vice president of criminal law at new york University Law School, believes that this shows that Trump fundamentally refused to admit the existence of the problem in the first place. Bako said that the entire law enforcement system is supportive of those police officers who use violence excessively. Trump has neglected this systematic problem, and the executive order has completely ignored or even mentioned the morbid psychology in the police system and the opposition between the police and the people.

USA-Today pointed out that Trump’s executive order made no mention of how to solve the systematic racism problem among law enforcement personnel and the need for comprehensive reform.

  The reform of "thin soup and little water" must be intensified by administrative order.

  On the day Trump signed the executive order, Schumer, the minority leader and Democrat of the Senate, immediately said that Trump’s executive order was "scanty soup and scanty water" and "unable to bring the comprehensive and meaningful changes and accountability required by the American people to American law enforcement agencies."

  Earlier, the Police Justice Law submitted by the Democratic Party on June 8 called for a major reform of the police system, which explicitly required that police officers be prohibited from using frequently abused methods of law enforcement and arrest, such as lock throat and "no knocking at the door", and at the same time required local police departments to send data on the use of force to the federal government, and made a funding plan to allow state attorneys general to conduct independent procedures to investigate police misconduct or excessive law enforcement. In addition, the proposal will abolish the legal principle called "conditional immunity", and the police can no longer be exempted from civil litigation. These contents are not reflected in the newly signed administrative order.

USA-Today pointed out that there are a large number of people in the United States who can’t stand what the police have done.

  David Kennedy, a professor of criminology at john jay College of the City University of new york, said that the current executive order is far from enough to make practical changes. Kennedy said: "People think it may be a little helpful, and now it is not enough to provide just a little help." Kennedy said that the emotions and resistance expressed by the American people in the past few weeks are unprecedented, and their attitude towards American law enforcement departments has also changed dramatically, which shows that a large number of people in the United States can no longer stand what the police are doing.

Beijing: The retail price of fireworks and firecrackers in the Spring Festival of the Year of the Ox is the same as in previous years.

On the 6th, it was the 25th day of the twelfth lunar month, and fireworks and firecrackers were officially put on sale in the Spring Festival of the Year of the Ox. This year, there are 10 retail outlets of fireworks and firecrackers in Beijing, which will be sold from February 6 to 16 (from the 25th day of the twelfth lunar month to the 5th day of the first lunar month). Buyers need to register their real names with their ID cards. This year, Shijingshan District and Shunyi District were added to be banned in the whole region.
This year, the number of retail outlets for fireworks and firecrackers in Beijing has been reduced to 10, with a total stock of 20,000 boxes.
There are no sales outlets in ten urban areas.
As in previous years, the sale time of fireworks and firecrackers in the Spring Festival of the Year of the Ox is still 11 days, from February 6 (the 25th day of the twelfth lunar month) to February 16 (the fifth day of the first lunar month).
According to the Beijing Fireworks Office, compared with last year, the number of retail outlets in the city has been reduced from 23 to 10 this year, with a total of 20,000 boxes stocked, which is 25.9% lower than last year’s 27,000 boxes.
The 10 outlets are located in six districts: Tongzhou District, Changping District, Pinggu District, Huairou District, Miyun District and Yanqing District. There are no outlets in Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Chaoyang District, Haidian District, Fengtai District, Shijingshan District, Mentougou District, Fangshan District, Shunyi District and Daxing District.
The forbidden area in the city accounts for 32.4% of the total area.
The reporter learned from the Municipal Fireworks Office that the forbidden area in the city has been further expanded this year, about 5,318 square kilometers, accounting for 32.4% of the city’s total area, an increase of 22% year-on-year.
The Fifth Ring Road (including the Fifth Ring Road) is still a year-round forbidden area, and Dongcheng District, Xicheng District and Daxing District continue to implement the whole district ban. Shijingshan District, Shunyi District, Yanqing District and Pinggu District have added forbidden areas. The administrative areas of Shijingshan District and Shunyi District are completely banned, Yanqing District has added four townships as forbidden areas, and Pinggu District has added 64 square kilometers of forbidden areas.
This year, the city’s restricted release area is about 4,107 square kilometers, accounting for 25% of the city’s total area, and there is no obvious change compared with last year.
The Municipal Fireworks Office reminds that fireworks and firecrackers should not be set off in the no-go zone in the Fifth Ring Road and the no-go zone delineated by each district; In restricted areas, fireworks and firecrackers can be set off from 7: 00 to 24: 00 every day from Lunar New Year’s Eve to the first day of the first month, and from the second day of the first month to the fifteenth day of the first month, and fireworks and firecrackers may not be set off at other times; Fireworks and firecrackers are prohibited in 16 prohibited places throughout the year; When the city issued an orange and red warning of heavy air pollution, fireworks and firecrackers were prohibited in the administrative area of the city.
■ attention
All deliveries and purchases must be registered in real-name registration system.
Since the Spring Festival the year before last, real-name registration system has been adopted in the sale of fireworks in Beijing, and consumers need to swipe their ID cards to buy fireworks. During the Spring Festival of the Year of the Ox, the registration system of fireworks and firecrackers was upgraded in an all-round way. For the first time, the escort held the real-name registration system system to scan the code and grab the delivery.
Yesterday morning, the reporter saw in the fireworks sales outlets in Tongzhou District that during the unloading process, the escort not only had paper documents, but also held a real-name registration system system scanning gun, and every box of products unloaded was scanned and registered. When people buy fireworks, they must also register in real-name registration system with their ID cards before they can settle their accounts.
It is understood that there are two fireworks wholesale enterprises in Beijing, but at present only one Panda Fireworks Company is operating normally. According to the relevant person in charge of Beijing Panda Fireworks Co., Ltd., in order to effectively crack down on crimes and illegal fireworks and firecrackers, the registration system of fireworks flow was upgraded in an all-round way during the Spring Festival of the Year of the Ox. Not only the outer packaging of each box of fireworks, but also every single fireworks item in the box was labeled with real-name registration system. In other words, real-name registration system has covered the smallest packaging unit of fireworks, thus truly realizing the traceability of the whole process covering the whole process of production, delivery, shipment, warehousing, warehousing, distribution and sales.
Fireworks and firecrackers are "slimming" and more environmentally friendly.
The reporter learned that in order to meet the new demand, the types of fireworks and firecrackers have also been adjusted this year. The relevant person in charge of Beijing Panda Fireworks Co., Ltd. said that since last year, both fireworks manufacturers and Beijing citizens have changed their requirements for fireworks and firecrackers. Small and medium-sized products such as modeling, flower spraying, thread fragrance and small fireworks are the mainstream, which is more popular among the people in Beijing. Therefore, fireworks and firecrackers have been "slimmed down" this year.
According to reports, there are more than 300 kinds of fireworks and firecrackers this year, of which "Year of the Ox Theme" is more than 20%. "All new products of the Year of the Ox supplied to the Beijing market must meet the environmental protection indicators of sulfur-free light smoke and less residue."
The person in charge said that due to the "upgrade" of environmental protection standards and other reasons, the production cost of fireworks after "slimming" has not decreased, and the production cost of some products has increased after "slimming". "However, if the cost rises, there will be no price increase, and the suggested retail price of all products will be the same as in previous years."
It is understood that WeChat official account’s WeChat "Beijing Panda Fireworks" of Beijing Panda Fireworks Co., Ltd. has updated the map navigation of 10 fireworks outlets, so that citizens can check the "finding the fireworks spot" in WeChat official account and watch the discharge effect of all fireworks products.
■ On site
On the first day of fireworks sale, citizens lined up two hours in advance.
Yesterday was the first day of the sale of fireworks and firecrackers in Beijing during the Spring Festival of 2021. The reporter visited several sales outlets.
At 8: 30 yesterday morning, many people came to buy fireworks in front of the fireworks retail outlet in Songzhuang, Tongzhou District.
The reporter noticed that the most popular choice for people who buy fireworks and firecrackers is a thousand whips. It is understood that this year’s thousand-ring whip price has not risen.
"We buy a few thousand whips every year, which shows a festive atmosphere." Mr. Jin, a citizen, brought his grandson to buy fireworks and firecrackers. In addition to buying a few small fireworks for his children, he only bought three thousand whips, and planned to put one on New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Day and New Year’s Day.
In the sales outlets in Yangfang Town, Changping District, the reporter visited and learned that although the sales started at 8 o’clock, there were already people waiting in line at 6 o’clock.
A staff member of the sales point introduced that the unified sales time in the city is 8: 00 in the morning and the end time is 8: 00 in the evening. However, at 6 o’clock in the morning, citizens came to wait, and the official pre-sale team has exceeded 100 meters. Outside the team, the staff kept reminding everyone to keep their distance and wear masks with horns.
At 11 o’clock in the morning yesterday, a father and son came out from the point of sale with bought fireworks. According to reports, the two started from the vicinity of Beichen Bridge at 7 am and drove 50 kilometers to the scene. The queue started at 8 o’clock, and it took three hours to buy it.
On-site staff and police told reporters that the fireworks and firecrackers at the point of sale will be replenished according to the sales situation. Everyone’s buying together is related to the weekend, and it is expected to be reduced today and tomorrow. In addition, in response to yesterday’s sales situation, the retail outlets in Yangfang Town will advance the sales time to 7: 30 in the morning from now on. (Pei Jianfei, Zhang Jingshu)
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Central Meteorological Observatory: A new round of cold air strikes, and the south will welcome the strongest rainfall since the flood season.

Source: Xinhuanet
Although it has been in long summer, the cold air in China is still active recently. The reporter learned from the China Meteorological Bureau that from May 9 to 13, the north was disturbed by cold air, but the southern part of the Yangtze River and southern China will experience the strongest rainfall since the flood season this year. This process has the characteristics of long duration, large accumulated rainfall and fierce local rainfall.
The heavy rainfall in the south is ready to go, and the north is full of coolness. How to strengthen disaster risk prevention? Does it have an adverse effect on spring ploughing and sowing? Chen Tao, chief forecaster of the Central Meteorological Observatory, interpreted this.
Long-term confrontation between cold and warm air leads to long rainfall time and heavy rainfall.
According to the forecast of the Central Meteorological Observatory, it is predicted that the rainfall in the southern region will increase in the coming week. Among them, from May 9 to 13, southern Jiangnan and southern China will experience the strongest rainfall since the flood season this year. There will be heavy rain in most areas south of the Yangtze River, heavy rain in parts of South China and South Jiangnan, and heavy rain in Guangdong and Guangxi. These areas are accompanied by strong convective weather such as short-term heavy precipitation, thunderstorms or hail.
Chen Tao said that the strongest rainfall period in the process will occur from 10th to 12th, with precipitation concentrated in southern Jiangnan and southern China, and the daily rainfall at individual stations in Guangdong and Guangxi may reach historical extremes.
The main reasons for the heavy rainfall process in the south are: first, the subtropical high in the western Pacific is stable, the warm and humid airflow at its western edge and the cold air in the north continue to meet in Jiangnan and South China, and the cold and warm air confront each other for a long time, which leads to the long duration of the rainfall; Second, the southwest water vapor transport in the lower atmosphere in southern China has been significantly enhanced recently. Affected by the cyclone storm in the Bay of Bengal, it is more conducive to the water vapor transport to the south of China and provides sufficient water vapor conditions for this rainfall.
When the south enters rainy season, the risk of disaster is increased and attention is paid to prevention.
Affected by continuous heavy rainfall, the meteorological risk of mountain torrents and geological disasters in eastern and northern Guangxi, central Guangdong, southwestern Fujian, southwestern Jiangxi and southern Hunan is high; The meteorological risk of floods in small and medium-sized rivers in central Guangdong and eastern Guangxi is high. Chen Tao suggested that the above areas should pay attention to prevent the meteorological risks of mountain torrents, geological disasters and floods in small and medium-sized rivers that may be caused by heavy rainfall.
In addition, according to the forecast of the National Climate Center, this year’s South China Sea summer monsoon will break out in the third season (10th to 15th) in May, slightly earlier than normal (4th season in May), and its intensity is close to normal to weak. Under normal circumstances, within two weeks after the onset of the South China Sea summer monsoon, the monsoon airflow will carry more abundant southwest warm and humid water vapor from the tropical Indian Ocean and the South China Sea to the East Asian continent, and the convective heavy precipitation in the southern region will increase significantly, and the southwest rainy season and plum rain will begin one after another.
Therefore, when the south enters a rainy period, the risk of disaster increases, and extreme weather may occur, so preparations for disaster prevention and relief should be made in advance. Chen Tao said that the public should pay attention to the rolling meteorological forecast and early warning information released by various places and try to avoid going out during periods of heavy rainfall and strong convective weather.
Cold air affects frequently, and many places in the north are full of coolness.
Although long summer has passed, cold air is still active recently. Under the influence of cold air, the temperature in many places in North China Plain in these two days was obviously lower than that in the same period of normal years. On the morning of May 8, affected by cold air and rainfall, the temperature in Beijing, Shijiazhuang, Hebei and other places hovered at 10 degrees Celsius, and the body felt cold.
The Central Meteorological Observatory predicts that there will be a strong cold air activity in northern China from 10th to 12th. By then, the temperature in Inner Mongolia and most parts of northwest, northeast and north China will drop by 4 to 8 degrees Celsius, and the local temperature will drop by more than 10 degrees Celsius, accompanied by northerly winds of 4 to 6, and gusts of 7 to 9. Chen Tao said that due to the frequent influence of cold air, the temperature in many places in the North China Plain will continue to be low in the coming week, reminding the public to appropriately increase clothes according to the temperature forecast.
In addition to the strong wind cooling, some areas in the north will be accompanied by precipitation weather, and there will be small to moderate rain or thunderstorms and local heavy rain in Inner Mongolia and northwest, north China and northeast China. Low temperature combined with rainfall leads to lower somatosensory temperature.
Spring ploughing and spring sowing are generally smooth, and cooling and precipitation temporarily hinder the process.
Since spring sowing, the weather has been good in most parts of the country, which is conducive to the development of spring ploughing and spring sowing. At present, the progress of spring sowing of grain crops in China has been more than half, faster than the same period last year; Among them, the sowing and planting of early rice has ended, with more than 80% of spring wheat, 70% of spring corn and 20% of soybeans, and the overall progress is smooth. Cotton, spring corn, soybean and one-season rice in Xinjiang, North China, Huanghuai and other places are still being planted.
The process of precipitation cooling in central and eastern China from 9 to 13 is beneficial to supplement soil moisture in northern China, but the spring sowing operation will be temporarily blocked due to precipitation. The average temperature in the northern part of Northeast China, northern part of North China, eastern Gansu, central Shaanxi and other places is below 8 degrees Celsius, and the sowing of dryland crops such as corn and soybeans is suspended, and the germination rate of sown crops is slowed down.
Chen Tao suggested that the northeast region should avoid cooling and windy periods as much as possible, and plant seeds in time according to moisture and temperature changes. In areas with wet soil, pay attention to stepping up moisture removal after the weather improves; For the sown crops in dry land, attention should be paid to field inspection, and remedial measures should be taken in time once powder seeds are found; It is not advisable to transplant rice seedlings early in rice planting areas, pay attention to regulating the temperature and humidity in the seedling shed, and do a good job of wind protection and reinforcement. Areas that have not yet completed the sowing plan should seize the favorable weather, sow while the soil moisture is growing, and speed up the progress of spring sowing. Do a good job in seedling management of sown fields, and check and replenish seedlings in time.
For the southern region, heavy rainfall and strong convective weather are easy to cause rice lodging and short-term waterlogging in farmland, which is not good for harvesting and drying rape in southern Jiangnan. All localities need to clean ditches in time to ensure smooth drainage and reduce the impact of waterlogging.
Producer: Zhu Yonglei and Qiu Xiaomin
Planning: Li You
Reporter: Yu Ziru Wang Meili
Video shooting and production: Chen Zheng Zhang Yubo
Editor: Yang Liu
Xinhuanet and China Meteorological Network jointly produced.
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