New BYD Qin goes on the market: 149,900 yuan after subsidy.

Today, BYD officially announced that its 2017 Qin model was officially launched. The new car only launched one model, with a price of 185,900 yuan and a subsidy of 36,000 yuan. The final actual price was 149,900 yuan.

The design of the 2017 Qin is consistent with the current Qin 100.The center console is equipped with an oversized LCD screen with 360-degree panoramic image, navigation, entertainment and other functions.

In terms of size, the length, width and height of the new car are 4740/1770/1480mm and the wheelbase is 2670mm respectively.

In terms of power, the car still uses a plug-in hybrid system consisting of a 1.5T engine and an electric motor. Its comprehensive maximum output power is 295 HP (217 kW), its peak torque is 479 Nm, and its battery life in pure electric state is 80km.

New BYD Qin goes on the market: 149,900 yuan after subsidy.

Is the IQ tax behind the "magic medicine" to delay myopia or is it really miraculous?

Have you ever seen a "magic medicine" in your parents’ circle?

An eye drop that claims to "delay myopia"

Some people buy it and some people go to online hospital to buy it.

There are even people who make it themselves.

Low concentration of atropine (0.01% atropine sulfate)

Is it an IQ tax or does it work wonders?

1. What is atropine?

Atropine is a classic old medicine. As an anticholinergic drug, it has a variety of pharmacological effects, which can help detoxify and relieve gastrointestinal spasm when pesticide poisoning occurs. Its clinical application in ophthalmology mainly includesAt present, the mydriasis of paralytic ciliary muscles is mostly used in optometry for children and adolescents.Slow mydriatic agentUse.

The earliest research on the prevention of myopia by atropine was conducted in Singapore. The research confirmed that low concentration of atropine (0.01% atropine sulfate) can inhibit the axial growth caused by myopia and delay the rapid progress of myopia. 

2. How hot is atropine?

Strabismus and pediatric ophthalmology in Xiamen Eye CenterXie RenyiThe deputy director said that every time he went to the outpatient clinic, at least three or five parents came to consult about the low-concentration atropine eye drops. There were many children who had used them for two or three years, mostly aged 7 to 9. An ophthalmologist in Xiamen has been using low-concentration atropine for her daughter for four months, and many "little glasses" among her classmates are using the same eye drops. According to foreign media reports, many parents all over the country went to Shanghai specially to prepare a low-concentration atropine eye drop for their children.

3、Atropine is not officially listed.

It should be noted that low concentration atropine eye drops have not been officially listed in mainland China.In fact, it is not easy to buy low concentration atropine eye drops. Many parents buy hospital preparations from China, Taiwan Province and Singapore, and some parents buy hospital preparations from individual hospitals in China through friends. These are not drugs that have been approved by the state for listing.

Deputy Director Xie Renyi introduced,A drug can only be listed as a new drug after the clinical verification stage is over and the expert review is passed.Although the current clinical evidence shows that low concentration of atropine eye drops has a certain effect on myopia prevention and control, domestic ophthalmologists have not yet reached a complete consensus on the long-term side effects and potential complications.

4. Can I use atropine?

Deputy Director Xie Renyi stressed: "This kind of eye drops is a kind of medicine, not suitable for everyone. It is most important for children to cultivate scientific eye habits and increase outdoor activities.This eye drop is an unlisted drug, so abuse is not recommended. "

5, blind abuse is not desirable

Xie Renyi, deputy director, said that many parents will buy atropine, and even some will make it themselves. not to mentionThere are also risks such as improper drug concentration, unstable ingredients and contamination of pathogens, which affect the comfort of eyes and cause damage, and may bring unexpected side effects.

In addition,People who are allergic to atropine are not suitable for use!For example, after use, symptoms such as blurred vision and photophobia may occur. Moreover, low concentration of atropine is not effective for all myopia patients, and the literature reports that there is a non-response rate of 10%-15%, that is, it does not work. In addition, some children will have allergic symptoms such as local itching and low fever.

Deputy Director Xie Renyi said that the prevention and control of myopia should be treated according to the actual situation of patients. Effective control is that myopia progresses within 50 degrees a year, and if it is above 75 degrees, other intervention methods or joint intervention can be considered. "Children who are using low concentrations of atropine must come to the hospital every three months." He said that this follow-up is to check the intraocular pressure, pupil, eye surface and eye adjustment function to ensure the health of medication.

if it isBlind use of glaucoma or other hidden diseases will aggravate the condition.. According to media reports, a 7-year-old child in Hangzhou is 100 degrees short-sighted. His father dripped low-concentration atropine every night, but when he went to check again, he found that the child’s intraocular pressure increased. The doctor said that if the intraocular pressure remained at a high level for a long time, it would damage the optic nerve.

In addition, Deputy Director Xie Renyi also reminded that although the concentration is low, it is stillSome children may have a rebound in myopia after stopping using this eye drop.For example, during the medication period, the original annual increase is controlled within 25 degrees. After stopping the drug, the degree may suddenly increase too fast in one year. If it exceeds 75 degrees in one year, you should consult a doctor immediately.

Scientific prevention and control of myopia

Want to play < combination boxing >

1. Pay attention to eye habits

1 Use less electronic products: Babies under 2 years old should not watch TV, computers, mobile phones, ipad and other electronic products. Babies over 2 years old should not use electronic products for more than 30 minutes every day.

② Follow the "20-20-20" eye protection rule when using eyes at close range.

Remember to keep "one punch, one foot and one inch" when writing and reading.

2. Do more outdoor sports.

Two hours of outdoor activities every day can effectively prevent myopia. Sunlight irradiation can stimulate the secretion of dopamine, which plays a positive role in preventing and controlling myopia.

3. Go to bed early and get enough sleep.

The results show that the later the time, the higher the incidence of myopia. It is best for children to go to bed at 8:30 in the evening and go to bed early to ensure adequate sleep time. Only after a good sleep can the muscles around the eyes (eyes) be completely relaxed, which is conducive to using the eyes the next day.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) gives the best sleep time for infants and adolescents:
4-12 months: 12-16 hours; 1-2 years old: 11-14 hours; 3-5 years old: 10-13 hours; 6-12 years old: 9-12 hours; 13-18: 8-10 hours.

4. Regular vision screening

6 months: A baby born normally should go to the hospital for refractive screening at about 6 months. About 3 years old: start teaching children to know the eye chart, and check their eyesight and diopter regularly every 6-12 months. 6-18 years old: It is recommended to check your eyesight every 6-12 months, and children with glasses should undergo mydriasis optometry every 12 months.

5. Orthokeratology mirror (OK mirror)

OK lens is a kind of hard and breathable contact lens with reverse geometric design. It only needs to be worn when sleeping at night to maintain clear vision during the day. Long-term wearing can delay the development of myopia.

Literature after 00 | Silent Watch (Novel)

Widowed (dialect, widowed is dumb), this is what the villagers call him. He is a poor old man, an old man who was dumb because he had a fever and took too much bezoar in his childhood, and an old man who only had three or five sheep. Widowed ancestor is what I call him, because he is two generations older than me.
I vaguely remember that I met my widowed ancestors several times during the summer vacation in primary school. I have never forgotten this scene.
When the morning sun climbs to the blue tile on the roof along the earth wall, the sheep are also waiting for their owner, the widowed bodhi old zu. Although it is hot, he always wears a Lei Feng hat that has been blackened by smoke, a black double-breasted cotton coat, a pot helmet in his arms that can never be eaten, and a kettle, leading the sheep to wander along the winding path in the field, hanging on the sheep’s neck all the way. No one knows his age, but everyone knows that his legs and feet are still vigorous, and he walks agile and steady on the almost vertical loess road mixed with gravel, just like the sheep behind him. His destination is the top of the mountain. Because the mountainside is mostly farmland, a yellow mud road is inserted horizontally, and there are still several paths lengthwise, but they are all covered by tall corn stalks. Widowed ancestors can only drive the sheep through this "forbidden land" as soon as possible-destroying crops will lose the "pass" of this land. I finally walked through the fields, and the sun really came out. At this time, the sheep can indulge in grazing, and the widowed ancestor will lean against the shade or chew the helmet with white water or take a nap.
I claim to be a "wild child", and several hills near my home are my playgrounds, so it is inevitable to meet him. When I saw those sheep grazing leisurely, I knew that my widowed bodhi old zu was nearby, but he always seemed to predict my arrival in advance. As soon as I saw it, I wanted to keep me by shouting, with my mouth wide open and my Adam’s apple wriggling sharply, and waved my arms to beckon me over. Then I used his hands as rough as an old walnut shell to hold a full "mountain products"-sweet and sour Schisandra chinensis.
The widowed ancestor is enthusiastic and diligent, and he works hard in the village, whether it’s weddings, funerals, or the anniversary of the burial. He swung his axe like the wind, and every time he fell, he split the firewood properly, and the sawdust scattered. Then, he turned to the triviality of boiling water and shochu; He added fuel to the fire, adjusted the fire, sometimes bowed his head and blew air to make the flames dance, and sometimes gently stirred the soju in the pot, making the water waves slightly overflow, and the fragrance of wine gradually diffused in this leisurely action; With the progress of the banquet, I saw the widowed bodhi old zu holding the tray firmly in his left hand and the dishes lightly in his right hand, with steady steps like flowing water, shuttling between the fire and the guests, and silently conveying his blessings and respect every time he bowed his head and smiled. The figure of the widowed ancestor, shuttling between the boiling of the villagers, is particularly diligent. In the last round of the banquet, he ate with the people who helped cook for his family, mostly the women in the village. A woman often jokes: "Seeing a widowed child is diligent, capable and able to eat. If you find a woman, you should be happy!" When he said this, he gave all the meat on the table to the widowed bodhi old zu. "Just eat, you are afraid that you can’t eat meat a few times a year!" Shame that he turned straight behind, repeatedly motioning with his hand, "ahhh ….." That’s enough.
During the three years since I finished junior high school, the life of my widowed ancestors seems to be so day after day, year after year. Or maybe I studied in the town and went back to my hometown less often and didn’t notice it. Until the spring of the second year of high school, I didn’t hear the long bell ringing on the sheep’s neck in the early morning of my hometown, only the sound of "praising and praising" with a hoe was endless. Later, I learned from my mother that the widowed ancestor had already sold all his sheep. I asked my mother why, and only then did I know that my widowed ancestor was accidentally caught in a wild boar when he was herding sheep in the mountains in the summer years ago. Fortunately, he was found by the villagers in time and was sent to the hospital at the first time without leaving his disability. Although he is not disabled, he can only walk on crutches, and he can’t herd sheep. With the money earned by selling sheep, plus the subsidies for the disabled and the five guarantees, it is said that the widowed ancestors should live a few days at leisure, at least until the injury is almost healed. But he couldn’t spare time, so he opened another piece of land to grow wheat at the vegetable field in front of his house. I walked on crutches, carried benches and hoes to hoe the ground, and when I was tired, I sat down and dug. This is what I witnessed with my own eyes.
Unconsciously, the wheat seedlings have grown to the knee height, and all the trees are full of green, swaying in the wind. Perhaps the widowed ancestor knew that they were growing sturdily, so he did not have to work hard in the fields, and the sound of "boasting and boasting" became more and more sparse, just like those weeds he had dug up; But it’s getting more and more boring, like cicadas in the hot summer.
Until the widowed ancestor did not greet his harvest in the wheat field, until the villagers learned that he had died on his couch for many days.
This wheat field without its owner is still full of vitality.
Wheat seedlings bear the brunt of the wind and rain, bearing ears of wheat, and finally spreading seeds on the land where they were born with the wind.
Source: China Youth Daily client
Reporting/feedback

Wildlife conservation experts call for a global ban on wildlife trade

  [Editor’s Note]: On January 26th, the State Administration of Market Supervision of China, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the National Forestry and Grassland Administration issued a notice saying that in order to prevent the pneumonia epidemic in novel coronavirus and block the possible sources of infection and transmission routes, wildlife trading activities were banned nationwide from the 26th until the national epidemic was lifted. After the announcement, all provinces and cities actively responded and adopted corresponding management measures. Recently, Neil D&rsquo, director of global wildlife research for the World Society for the Protection of Animals; Dr. Cruze also published a document expressing the professional views and opinions of scientists.

  In response to the deadly novel coronavirus outbreak, China took action at an unprecedented speed and made a commendable and brave decision &mdash; &mdash; Impose a temporary ban on all wildlife trade nationwide. It is estimated that 70% of all emerging diseases are originated from wild animals. Undeniably, in recent decades, the growth of global wildlife trade (whether legal or illegal) has also become one of the disease transmission mechanisms that the world is increasingly concerned about.

  On January 29th, citizens passed the Wuhan South China Seafood Wholesale Market, which had been closed. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiong Qishe

  After all, in a typical vegetable market, animals suffer terrible pain, and there are no proper biological safety measures, which provides an excellent opportunity for pathogens (such as viruses) to mutate and spread. In the market, animals with weak immunity are subjected to the pressure and trauma caused by wild capture or intensive artificial reproduction, and can only sit in their own urine and waste. This is a very common phenomenon, and close contact with humans may cause disasters.

  In modern society, as people capture wild animals from natural habitats and transport and trade dead or alive wild animals to different parts of the world by land, sea and air, such threats have expanded to a global scale. There are many factors that can affect a country’s risk of transmitting zoonotic diseases from wild animals and its ability to cope with the consequences. For example, according to the number of animals traded, our recent review of the trade database of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora identified many countries worthy of attention. As the largest exporter of live mammals, China only traded 98,979 live mammals between 2011 and 2016, accounting for 58.7% of the total global trade listed in this international treaty.

  However, this is not just a number. A new deadly disease, such as coronavirus, can appear from an animal, and it can also be hidden in wild animal markets like Wuhan all over the world. There is a great possibility that this situation will continue and it is a real threat.

  One green planet map of a wildlife market in Myanmar

  So what should I do? Instead of simply treating wild animals as "disease bags", trying to eliminate pathogens or selectively hunting wild animals with pathogens, trying to reduce the contact between wild animals and people may prove to be the most practical and lowest-cost method to reduce the global human health risks.

  In the long run, we need to meet consumers’ demand for wild animals and their body parts. In the short term, a trade ban, such as the one currently implemented in China, will help to reduce the spread of diseases. However, if they are to be fully effective, these bans should be global and based on demand reduction.

  China’s national ban on wildlife trade will save millions of wild animals from suffering, and they will no longer be regarded as exotic pets, traditional medicines and meat. Crucially, this will also stop the harsh treatment they suffer in transportation and markets, where the living environment is a hotbed of deadly diseases. It remains to be seen whether the ban will be made permanent and whether appropriate measures will be taken to protect the welfare of animals that have been caught in the wildlife trade. However, in the short term, it will undoubtedly protect wildlife and human beings.

  Wild birds rescued from Miami’s black market were put into clean cages.

  The regulation of wildlife trade involves many issues, from animal welfare to protection and ethics, but as we have seen so far, the risks posed by pathogens (and emerging zoonoses) may not be underestimated and need to be solved urgently.

  References:

  Can E, D&rsquo; Cruze N, Macdonald DW. Dealing in deadly pathogens: Taking stock of the legal trade in live wildlife and potential risks to human health. Glob Ecol Conserv. 2019; 17. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00515

(Sports International Football) FIFA: Saudi Arabia is the only bidder for the 2034 Football World Cup.

Xinhua News Agency, Geneva, October 31 (Reporter Shan Lei) On October 31, FIFA announced that Saudi Arabian Football Association was the only football association to submit an application for hosting the 2034 Football World Cup before the deadline.

FIFA confirmed that it has received an application from Saudi Arabia to host the 2034 World Cup, and Saudi Arabia is the only country that has expressed its interest in hosting the 2034 World Cup.

Previously, FIFA had announced that the only application for hosting the 2030 World Cup was jointly submitted by the Football Associations of Morocco, Portugal and Spain. At present, these three countries have confirmed their willingness to bid. As the centenary celebration of the World Cup will be held in 2030, FIFA plans to hold a World Cup in Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay, and these three countries have also confirmed their willingness to host the World Cup.

Like Morocco, Portugal and Spain, Saudi Arabia still needs to pass the FIFA audit. If these bidding countries can meet the requirements of FIFA and go through the whole bidding process, then FIFA will determine its right to host at the FIFA General Assembly at the end of 2024. (End)