At this COVID-19 traceability conference, some scientists said that they were "surprised" and "sad"

Adhere to the scientific spirit and oppose political manipulation.

At this COVID-19 traceability conference, some scientists said that they were "surprised" and "sad"

On the afternoon of April 8, the State Council Press Office held a press conference. Shen Hongbing, deputy director of the National CDC and director of the China CDC, and relevant experts introduced the traceability research of COVID-19 in China and answered questions from reporters.

Politicize the origin of the new crown

Is intolerable to the scientific community in China.

Shen Hongbing, deputy director of the National CDC and director of the China CDC.It is said that more than three years have passed since the COVID-19 epidemic was discovered at the end of 2019. During this period, we have been continuously promoting the related traceability research. Tracing the source of Covid-19 is a very professional issue. The China government and China scientists have always maintained a scientific attitude, and they all hope to find out the source of Covid-19, which is of great significance to prevent similar epidemics from happening again.

First of all, as an open country, after the outbreak, we have always adhered to a scientific attitude on the scientific issue of traceability and actively communicated and cooperated with the World Health Organization. In response to the resolution of the 73rd World Health Assembly,Take the initiative to invite WHO to send an international expert group to China twice to carry out joint research on traceability.Adhering to the principle of "jointly working out the work plan, jointly conducting analysis and research, jointly writing the research report and jointly publishing the research results", the first phase of the joint traceability research was successfully completed in Wuhan, and the resulting "Tracing Research of SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 convened by the World Health Organization: China Part-WHO Joint Research Report" was fully recognized by domestic and foreign experts and WHO who participated in the research at that time.

Throughout the first phase of joint research,China provided the Joint Expert Group with all the traceable information at that time, and did not conceal any cases, samples and their testing and analysis results.Recently, some WHO officials and experts have expressed their opinions at will and rashly denied the results at that time, which is totally contrary to the scientific spirit, rude and disrespectful to scientists from all over the world who participated in the early traceability work, and a manifestation of politicizing the traceability of the new crown, which is intolerable to the scientific community in China and unacceptable to the global scientific community.

Second, on the basis of the huge human, material and financial resources invested in the first phase of joint research, we have not stopped tracing the source of Covid-19, but still pooled resources to continue to carry out comprehensive scientific investigation and research work in epidemiology, molecular epidemiology, animals and environment and even laboratory inspection. The relevant progress and conclusions have also been shared with the international scientific community and peers by Chinese scientists through the exchange of reports with WHO and SAGO, or by publishing articles. Numerous research findings have further confirmed the results of the first phase of joint research.

Shen Hongbing said,We advise the people concerned in the World Health Organization to return to a scientific and just position, and not to take the initiative or be forced to become a tool for individual countries to politicize the origin of COVID-19.

Respond to the accusations of individual WHO officials

Scientists say they feel "surprised" and "sad"

In response to the accusation of individual WHO officials that the China government’s release of COVID-19 data has not been open and transparent, which has affected the global traceability research of COVID-19,Zhou Lei, researcher of China CDC.He said that as a Chinese scientist who personally experienced the first phase of joint traceability research, "I personally feel quite surprised."

She explained that, because in fact, in Wuhan at that time, we jointly studied scientists, including foreign and domestic joint expert working groups, and in the process of joint traceability research, Chinese scientists shared all the data and materials we had, including the early case information, and the case information of more than 76,000 people with possible and suspicious Covid-19 infection in Wuhan at that time, in a scientific, open, objective and transparent working principle.

In addition, at that time, more than 38,000 samples of poultry and livestock and more than 41,000 samples of wild animals collected in China from 2018 to 2020 were tested for antibodies or nucleic acids. These results suggest that Covid-19 is not positive. We also investigated the upstream and downstream supply chains of all animal products in South China seafood market at that time, and found no evidence of virus spreading among animals. These research results were shared with the international expert team selected by WHO at that time, and everyone recognized them.

In the first stage of joint traceability research, we also considered the possibility of laboratory leakage in the design stage with a scientific and comprehensive attitude. In order to study this aspect, during our stay in Wuhan, we organized a joint team of experts to investigate and study in many laboratories in Wuhan, and conducted in-depth exchanges. Moreover, we also investigated and analyzed all the health monitoring data and possible clinical data of laboratory staff, including students who were in the laboratory at that time. In every way,In the first stage of joint traceability research, we fully shared our research results and data without any concealment or reservation.

Zhou Lei also said that after the release of the traceability report of the first phase of the early joint research, it was widely recognized, including WHO and international counterparts. But I don’t know why there is a questioning voice now. "This is also what makes me feel sad."

She emphasized that both Chinese scientists and top international experts selected by WHO worked very hard in the first phase of joint research, working day and night. We have got such a joint research report with great scientific value, which deserves due respect, and should not be denied or blamed. So I suggest that you still adhere to the attitude of scientific traceability, orWe should continue to adhere to scientific traceability, and we should devote ourselves to the next stage of work together, and stop blaming and suspecting each other, which will not help us to find out the origin of the virus.

Zhou Lei bluntly said that WHO is very important. It is an authoritative professional organization recognized by the international community, and its scientificity, rigor and impartiality are beyond doubt. Now I put forward the view that "if we make such accusations, especially if we want to deny the results of our first-stage joint traceability investigation, I am afraid it will damage the credibility of WHO."

There is not enough evidence to prove that raccoons are the source of virus transmission!

According to the viewpoint that raccoons or Covid-19 are the intermediate hosts in South China seafood market in China,Tong Yigang, Dean and Professor of beijing university of chemical technology Life College.In response, he said that some new experimental data recently found the raccoon dog, but now there is far from enough evidence to prove that it is the source of the virus. Many people hope to find the chain and evidence (the source and spread of Covid-19), but we are the same. We very much hope to find out where the source of the virus really is. Scientists in China and many parts of the world are doing this. But just from the data in this article, it is not enough, it is far from it.

Tong Yigang said that there was an article in China earlier that some animal samples were found in the early environmental samples of COVID-19, which were more human samples, as well as other samples of chickens, pigs, dogs, cats and various birds. In fact, these animal samples were far more than raccoon dogs. From this point of view alone, it is not enough.

In addition, at that time, a large number of specimens were measured in South China seafood market, including hundreds of animal specimens, and no animals were found to carry Covid-19. It is not enough to infer evidence from the environment to find animal samples. In addition, for example, the virus sequence we found in the environment is actually almost 100% identical to the sequence of the patient who was ill at that time, which also suggests that the samples in the environment are likely to come from people, not animals, and there is a lot of evidence.

At that time, the sequence of raccoon dog existed in many negative specimens in the environment, and even the sequence of raccoon dog in this specimen was more than that of the positive raccoon dog, but there was no sequence of this virus in the negative specimens, and it was difficult to explain why the virus must have originated from raccoon dog. Besides, even if raccoons are infected, there are many people infected with this disease in the seafood market in South China. It is entirely possible that people have polluted the environment or infected raccoons. Even if raccoons are positive, there is still this possibility. Therefore, I think it is not rigorous and scientific enough to draw such a conclusion based on the current little data.

Now Chinese scientists and experts believe that

What is the most likely origin of COVID-19?

Zhou Lei explained that regarding the origin of Covid-19, we had reached a conclusion during the first phase of joint research, and this conclusion was fully displayed in the joint research report jointly published by us and WHO at that time. In the report, we clearly put forward the results of hypothesis research on several aspects of the origin of the COVID-19 epidemic. Let me reiterate this conclusion: the possibility of zoonotic diseases spilling directly is "possible to probable", and we think it is "probable to very probable" to introduce them through intermediate hosts, "possible" to introduce them through cold chains, and "extremely impossible" to introduce our research judgment through laboratories.

After finishing the first phase of joint traceability research in Wuhan, we did not stop studying, but continued to carry out a lot of research work according to the work plan and suggestions for the next phase formulated in Wuhan at that time. All kinds of research results also confirmed our research conclusions in the first phase in Wuhan, and we have not changed our judgment until now.

Tong Yigang said,At present, there is no scientific basis to clarify the real origin of Covid-19.There are positive samples in the seafood market environment in South China, and most of the host information detected in these samples is human information, as well as other animals’ information, which also suggests that the cases in the seafood market in South China are probably from people, not from animals in the seafood market. How, where and how did Covid-19 infect people? This needs further study.

A series of press conferences on the theme of "Jiangxi this decade" (comprehensive deepening reform topic) recorded by the People’s Government of Jiangxi Province were held in Nanchang.

Press conference site (photo by Li Sui)

On September 27th, the Propaganda Department of Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office jointly held a series of press conferences on the theme of "Jiangxi this decade" (comprehensive deepening reform topic). Li Jizhong, Deputy Secretary-General of the Provincial Party Committee, Director of the Political Research Office of the Provincial Party Committee and Deputy Director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office, released and introduced relevant information. Chen Qiang, full-time deputy director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office, Zhang Xiaoyong, full-time deputy director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office, Zhong Shifu, deputy secretary of Xinyu Municipal Committee, and Sun Min, member of the Standing Committee and Secretary General of Ganzhou Municipal Committee, attended the press conference and answered questions from reporters. Wang Yihua, the second inspector of the Propaganda Department of the Provincial Party Committee, presided over the press conference.

Wang Yihua, the second inspector of the Propaganda Department of the Provincial Party Committee (photo by Li Sui)


Dear journalists and friends,

Good morning everyone! Welcome to the press conference on the theme of "This Decade in Jiangxi".

Now, the 29th series of press conferences will be held. The theme of the press conference is: deepening reform, breaking new paths, striving to overcome difficulties and strive for the first place. We are very pleased to invite Mr. Li Jizhong, Deputy Secretary-General of the Provincial Party Committee, Director of the Political Research Office of the Provincial Party Committee and Deputy Director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office, Mr. Chen Qiang, Deputy Director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office, Mr. Zhang Xiaoyong, Deputy Secretary of Xinyu Municipal Committee, Mr. Zhong Shifu, and Mr. Sun Min, Member of the Standing Committee of Ganzhou Municipal Committee and Secretary-General of the Municipal Party Committee, and ask them to introduce our province’s achievements in comprehensively deepening reform since the 18th CPC National Congress and to answer your questions.

Next, please introduce Mr. Li Jizhong first.

Li Jizhong, Deputy Secretary-General of the Provincial Party Committee, Director of the Political Research Office of the Provincial Party Committee and Deputy Director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office (photo by Li Sui)


Ladies and gentlemen, friends of the news media,

Good morning everyone!

On the occasion of the celebration of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I am very happy to participate in the press conference on the theme of "Jiangxi this decade" organized by the Propaganda Department of the Provincial Party Committee, and introduce the comprehensive deepening of reform in Jiangxi around "deepening reform, breaking new trails, and striving for the first place". First of all, on behalf of the Reform Office of the Provincial Party Committee, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks and high respect to all news media friends who have long cared for and supported Jiangxi’s comprehensive deepening of reform!



这十年,全面深化改革为江西推动高质量发展注入了强劲动力。我们牢记习近平总书记关于“推动经济高质量发展”的殷殷嘱托,坚持发挥经济体制改革的牵引作用,聚焦进一步解放和发展社会生产力,系统推进基础性、关键性改革,为推动高质量跨越式发展聚势赋能。深入推进“五型政府”建设,大力实施营商环境优化升级“一号改革工程”,在全国率先开启“一网选中介”新模式,推行“一照通办”改革,推广“一件事一次办”集成审批改革,“赣服通、掌上办”“政务服务365天不打烊”等改革获得广大市场主体和人民群众高度赞誉,“江西办事不用求人、江西办事依法依规、江西办事便捷高效、江西办事暖心爽心”的营商环境品牌全面打响。加快推进市场体系改革,深化要素市场化配置、市场准入负面清单、公平竞争审查制度改革,着力打造国企改革“江西样板”,全面落实支持非公有制经济发展改革措施,各类市场主体活力持续迸发。创新实施产业链“链长制”,推行重大科研项目“揭榜挂帅”和“赛马争先”制度,推进重点产业链科技创新联合体改革,全省综合科技创新水平指数实现“七连进”。扎实推进江西内陆开放型经济试验区建设,深化开发区体制机制创新,Copy and promote the pilot experience of the reform of the Pilot Free Trade Zone, and make new breakthroughs in cross-border trade reform. We will steadily push forward the reform of the fiscal and taxation financial system, improve the budget management and financial transfer payment systems, and the comprehensive index of green financial development ranks fourth in the country. Take the lead in basically completing the registration and certification of rural land contractual management right, pilot the reform of rural collective property right system in the whole province, prudently promote the pilot reform and standardized management of rural homestead system, actively explore the market entry system of rural collective management construction land, and continue to deepen the comprehensive reform of supply and marketing cooperatives, water conservancy project management system and agricultural water price. "yujiang county House Reform" has become a national model, and Shangrao’s reforms of standardizing the management of farmers’ houses and changing customs in Shicheng have been affirmed by the Central Reform Office. The surging momentum of reform has promoted Jiangxi’s economic strength and innovation ability to leap sharply, and social productivity, core competitiveness and development influence have reached a new level.








人民网记者(黎穗 摄)






Fourth, adhere to a sound mechanism and pay close attention to reform and implementation. The provincial party committee strengthened its leadership in comprehensively deepening the reform, set up the Committee for Deep Reform of the provincial party committee, and coordinated the comprehensive deepening of the reform in the whole province. Since 2014, the Provincial Committee for Deep Reform has held 47 meetings in a normal and high-quality manner, deliberated 325 topics, and formulated a "four beams and eight pillars" reform plan in major areas. Establish a system of leading major reform projects by members of the Provincial Committee for Deep Reform, and lead the implementation of 120 major reform tasks, forming a demonstration effect of grasping reform at the above rate. Give full play to the role of the "headquarters" of the Provincial Committee for Deep Reform, the "main force" of the reform leading department, the reform special group and the "general staff" of the reform office, build a pragmatic and efficient reform decision-making mechanism, a coordinated mechanism linked from top to bottom, and a strong and orderly supervision implementation mechanism, so as to form a reform implementation pattern with clear responsibilities, separate troops and full tracking, and promote Jiangxi’s comprehensive deepening reform to go deep and practical.

China News Service reporter (photo by Li Sui)

China News Service reporter: The 15th Provincial Party Congress proposed that we should vigorously implement comprehensive and deepening reform and tackling key problems. What progress has the province made in comprehensively deepening the reform and tackling key problems? What are you going to do next?

Chen Qiang, full-time deputy director of the Provincial Party Committee Reform Office (photo by Li Sui)

Chen Qiang:Vigorously implementing the action of comprehensively deepening the reform is a major decision-making arrangement made by the provincial party Committee to profoundly grasp the need of comprehensively deepening the reform into a new stage of systematic, holistic and reconstructive reform, and to promote the deepening of the reform. It is the "main grasp" of the reform work in our province at present and in the future. Since the beginning of this year, under the strong leadership of the provincial party Committee, this work has been fully launched and is being vigorously and orderly promoted.

The first is to benchmark the central government and make overall plans. Accurately benchmark the requirements of the Central Committee for Deep Reform on "increasing breakthroughs in reforms in important areas and key links", formulate and issue the "Action Plan for Comprehensively Deepening Reform in Jiangxi Province (2022-2024)", and clearly put forward the overall goal of "one-year comprehensive roll-out, two-year key breakthroughs and three-year overall improvement". We studied and introduced ten implementation plans for tackling key problems such as optimizing the business environment reform, deepening the reform of science and technology system and mechanism, deepening the reform and innovation of state-owned and state-owned enterprises, deepening the reform of rural revitalization system and mechanism, creating a beautiful "Jiangxi model" reform in China, improving and perfecting the reform of people’s livelihood security system, deepening the modernization reform of municipal social governance, deepening the reform of talent development system and mechanism, deepening the reform of cultural system, and deepening the reform of "three noes" system and mechanism, and refined the specific targets, measures and measures for each action.

The second is careful organization and coordinated promotion. All the top ten reforms will be included in the list of major reform projects led by the members of the Provincial Committee for Deep Reform in 2022, and will be included as the core content in the Work Points of the Provincial Committee for Deep Reform in 2022, and a work account will be established. Every time the liaison meeting of the provincial party Committee reform special group will be specially scheduled and accurately guided. Up to now, a number of key reform projects, such as the "No.1 Reform Project" to optimize and upgrade the business environment, the reform of the scientific and technological innovation consortium of key industrial chains, the pilot reform of rural residential land in the province and standardized management actions, the deepening of the reform of ecological protection compensation system, the reform of provincial cultural enterprises, the "three mechanisms" reform of provincial talent policy, and the reform of home community pension services, have been vigorously promoted, progressed in an orderly manner, and achieved remarkable results.

The third is to improve the mechanism and pay close attention to landing. The "special supervision on comprehensively deepening the reform and tackling key problems" will be included in the supervision work plan of the provincial party Committee in 2022, and the completion of the top ten reform and tackling key problems will be taken as an important assessment content, which will be included in the newly revised "Assessment Measures for Comprehensively Deepening the Reform in Jiangxi Province". The Reform Office of the Provincial Party Committee has established a counterpart liaison service mechanism, with full docking, full tracking and comprehensive service to ensure the orderly progress of comprehensively deepening the reform and tackling key problems. According to the actual situation, all cities and counties have introduced the local overall plan and sub-item implementation plan for "tackling difficulties through reform", explored and implemented many pragmatic and effective promotion mechanisms, and formed a good situation and work pattern of linkage from top to bottom and joint efforts to tackle difficulties.

In the next step, we will carry forward the reform spirit of daring to be the first, try first, anchor "be the first to demonstrate", adhere to "dare to encounter difficulties and make breakthroughs", step up efforts to promote the comprehensive deepening of the reform and take effect, focus on solving a number of pain points, blocking points and difficult development problems, focus on forming a number of institutional, mechanism and institutional innovations, and focus on creating a number of original, fresh and distinctive reform experiences.

Jiangxi Daily reporter (photo by Li Sui)

Jiangxi Daily reporter:It is an important method of reform to grasp the typical examples of reform and promote the reform from point to area. What innovative measures does Jiangxi province have to play a leading role in the typical demonstration of reform? What results have been achieved?

省委改革办专职副主任张晓勇(黎穗 摄)



The second is to vigorously promote the reform of the brand. Intensify the propaganda of reform, create a strong atmosphere of striving for Excellence and catching up with learning in the whole province, and continuously expand the radiation and influence of reform. Improve the media publicity mechanism, tell the story of Jiangxi’s reform well, and publicize and report a number of "standing and screaming" reform models in the central and provincial major media every year. We will improve the information exchange mechanism, rely on the internal magazine of Jiangxi Reform Trends and the WeChat WeChat official account of Jiangxi Reform, publish new experiences and practices of reform exploration in various localities and departments in a timely manner, and create a platform of "learning from each other" to enlarge the coordinate system and identify the reference objects. A number of typical experiences and practices of reform in our province have been affirmed by the Central Reform Office and promoted to the whole country. Improve the case selection mechanism, and successively organize the selection of "40 typical cases of Jiangxi’s reform since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee" and "Top Ten Cases of Comprehensive Deepening Reform in 2021", showing a number of influential reform brands. The practice of selecting reform cases in our province has been fully affirmed by the Central Reform Office.

The third is to vigorously promote the reform experience. Constantly improve the replication and promotion mechanism of reform experience, and promote the expansion of typical reform experience from "one place and one domain" to "starting a prairie fire". Since the beginning of this year, combined with the implementation of the comprehensive deepening of the reform and tackling key problems, the provincial party Committee has clearly requested that each city, county (city, district) should explore a reform experience that can be used for reference by other cities and counties every year, and each provincial lead unit of the reform and tackling key problems should promote a reform practice that has been tested by practice and is worthy of promotion throughout the province every year. The Reform Office of the Provincial Party Committee has identified 112 reform exploration projects and 33 promotion projects this year, and issued a list of project implementation. We will strengthen overall planning and coordination, do a good job in supervision and implementation, strive to explore more achievements in the reform system and practice, create a number of "new business cards" and "golden business cards" for Jiangxi reform, and give better play to the typical demonstration and leading role of reform.

Phoenix Net reporter (photo by Li Sui)

Phoenix Network reporter:Improving people’s livelihood and well-being is the fundamental purpose of development and the starting point and foothold of comprehensively deepening reform. What are the explorations and achievements of Xinyu City in the system integration reform in the field of people’s livelihood? What are your plans for the next step?

Zhong Shifu, Deputy Secretary of Xinyu Municipal Committee (photo by Li Sui)

Zhong Shifu:Over the past ten years, Xinyu has resolutely implemented the decision-making and deployment requirements of the Central Committee and the Provincial Party Committee, firmly established the people-centered development thought, took the lead in proposing the goal of building a socialist modern and happy city in an all-round way in the province, insisted on systematic integration and promoted the reform in the field of people’s livelihood, and was selected as one of the top 30 most happy cities in China with the warm image of "small city and great people’s livelihood". Not long ago, we held a high-level seminar on national livelihood system integration reform and "Xinyu Practice" with china society of economic reform, which received wide attention and good response.

First, we will do whatever the masses expect. Focusing on the people’s urgent difficulties and worries, we changed the government’s "problem" into the people’s "order", integrated more than 300 reform measures, and created 40 brands of people’s livelihood reform. We pioneered the "Party Building+Home for the Aged" model in China, and built a home for the aged by using idle houses in rural areas. As long as the elderly over 70 pay 200 yuan every month and the cities and counties support 150 yuan, they can enjoy three meals a day, daily care and leisure and entertainment services. We pay attention to the relevance of reform measures. When promoting the "Xiaokang Clinic" in rural areas, the location should be as close as possible to the home for the elderly, so that the elderly can see a doctor at their doorstep. At present, the city has built 736 homes for the aged in urban and rural areas, benefiting more than 12,000 elderly people. The brand of "Party Building+Home for the Aged" was selected as one of the top ten cases of China’s reform in 2019 and an excellent case of the pilot reform of home and community care services in China.

The second is to integrate idle capital resources and do more with less money. We strengthen the integration of funds, improve the efficiency of use, increase cost control, and promote the sustainable development of livelihood projects. Ten million yuan was integrated from the special surcharge for education to promote the Xiaohe project, so that more than 50,000 rural boarders could eat nutritious meals, take hot baths and put on clean clothes, and be selected as a typical case of basic education in China in 2020. Open a lotus garden in qualified schools, and realize self-sufficiency in vegetables while children receive labor education, saving millions of yuan every year. Our "Splash Action" adopts the methods of social purchase of services and resource integration, and has enabled more than 60,000 students in the city to master swimming skills without building a new gymnasium, a new swimming pool and a new teacher.

Third, the "four-level secretary" grasps people’s livelihood and forms a joint force for people’s livelihood reform. We have established a working mechanism of unified leadership of the Municipal Party Committee, with the "four-level secretaries" in cities, counties and villages taking their respective responsibilities, grasping the first level and implementing it at different levels, transforming the party’s political advantages into governance efficiency and converging into a powerful synergy to promote people’s livelihood reform. We pay attention to activating the grassroots "peripheral nerve" of the village party secretary, so that they can make a charge and show their talents in promoting the home for the elderly, tearing down three houses and building three parks. We also pay attention to mobilizing the forces of the society and other parties, actively guide the members of the Chamber of Commerce to participate in social governance, and donate nearly 900 million yuan for the establishment of a home for the elderly, poverty alleviation, and school aid.

People’s livelihood work has no end, only a continuous new starting point. In the next step, we will further deepen the "Xinyu practice" of people’s livelihood reform and promote the people’s sense of acquisition, happiness and security to be more substantial, secure and sustainable. First, adhere to the leadership of party building. Leading the reform in the field of people’s livelihood with party building, and promoting the tangible and project-oriented work of party building. The second is to adhere to integrated thinking. Adhere to the integration of policies, measures and methods, consolidate and upgrade the existing brands of people’s livelihood, speed up the filling of shortcomings and omissions in people’s livelihood, and promote the transformation and overall improvement of the reform system in the field of people’s livelihood. The third is to respect the grassroots initiative. Encourage the grassroots to try first, summarize, refine, copy and promote the good experiences and practices of people’s livelihood reform in a timely manner, and strive to provide more reform and innovation experience for the whole province and even the whole country.

江西广播电视台都市频道(黎穗 摄)


赣州市委常委、市委秘书长孙敏(黎穗 摄)



Second, vigorously implement the "No.1 Reform Project" to optimize and upgrade the business environment, and strive to build a bridgehead that will be integrated into Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. Take the lead in setting up administrative examination and approval bureaus at the city and county levels in the province, and carry out reforms such as "the same power in the city and county", "the whole industry runs in one chain" and the policy of benefiting enterprises "enjoy without applying, enjoy immediately after applying"; Strive to cooperate with Shenzhen counterparts, "make something out of nothing" to build a combined port of land port and Ganshen in Ganzhou, and strive to create a business environment comparable to that of Greater Bay Area. Well-known enterprises such as Gree, Geely and Foxconn have successively settled down, and the number of listed companies has increased from 3 to 16, forming 4 industrial clusters with 100 billion yuan and 5 enterprises with revenues of over 10 billion yuan.

The third is to build a more effective regional coordinated development mechanism and focus on enhancing the radiation of provincial sub-center cities. Solidly promote the construction of the national inclusive financial reform pilot zone, the education reform and development pilot zone jointly established by the Ministry and the province, and the national logistics hub of business service, jointly establish the national regional medical center with Nanfang Hospital and Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital, and vigorously build the provincial financial sub-center and the "six centers" of regional business logistics, education and medical care. Deepen the reform of fiscal, taxation, urban management and other systems in the central city, and accelerate the coordinated development of "five districts integration". The urbanization rate of the whole city reached 56.4%, which increased by 17 percentage points in ten years, and it was awarded as a national civilized city and a national health city.

The fourth is to explore and broaden the transformation channel of "two mountains" and strive to create a model area for beautiful Jiangxi construction. We made overall plans to do a good job in the pilot projects of ecological protection and restoration of lakes and grasses in landscape forests, experimental areas for soil and water conservation reform, and horizontal ecological compensation in the upper and lower reaches of Dongjiang River Basin, deepened the reform of the management system of national forest parks and key scenic spots, and innovated the mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products, such as accounting and evaluation of the value of ecological products, and trading of rights and interests of ecological resources. The comprehensive reform of collective forest rights took the lead in the country and was awarded the first batch of cities in China to create an ecological civilization.

Fifth, always adhere to the people-centered reform value orientation, and strive to improve the gold content of the comprehensive well-off society in the old areas of southern Jiangxi. Innovate and implement the "five ones" mechanism for industrial poverty alleviation, the "four guarantee lines" for health poverty alleviation, and the "precise poverty prevention insurance", and hand over excellent answers to poverty alleviation; Integratively promote the "three reforms in one" in rural areas, take the lead in carrying out the evaluation reform of professional farmers in the province, and promote the reform experience of "treating guests without accepting gifts and frugally hosting banquets" in the province. Constantly improve the social security system of employment and pension, take the lead in realizing the vertical management of medical insurance departments below the city level in the whole province, and solidly carry out the national pilot project of regional social governance modernization. It was awarded the "Demonstration City of Safe China Construction" for seven consecutive sessions and won the "Chang ‘an Cup" for five consecutive sessions.




Literature | Toona sinensis in spring

Toona sinensis is a kind of tree with strong vitality.

In early spring, when the wind is still hard and the sky is still cold, and other trees are still ignorant, Toona sinensis sprouts. Little red buds took the lead in sticking their heads out of the branches and timidly looked out. Hey, isn’t there a little green? Everyone is still immersed in the atmosphere of winter. I want to sprout quickly, and I can’t let other trees get ahead of me.

The next day, the buds of Toona sinensis were much bigger than the day before. On the third day, the small bud bud became several stretched leaves. The spring breeze blew, and the buds seemed to be blown away. In a blink of an eye, the whole tree was covered with fragrant and tender buds. Against the gray sky in early spring, the small buds are particularly eye-catching on the bare branches.

Nodding from the bud of Toona sinensis, the owner will look at it every day and think about the right day to break up every day. When the buds of Toona sinensis grow to a length, that is, the thumb and forefinger are stretched out so long, it is necessary to twist off the branches with long rods with hooks. There are new buds on the branches. Break off the buds of Toona sinensis from the branches and put them in the basket. The first stubble of Toona sinensis did not break much, because there were few buds.

Toona sinensis, the first crop, is also the most expensive, and its taste and fragrance are top grade, so the price is naturally extremely high. Toona sinensis buds cost one price a day, and the second crop of Toona sinensis is much cheaper. I remember that in the past, we didn’t eat the first crop of Toona sinensis, so we couldn’t afford it. It was very good to buy the second crop of Toona sinensis. It’s not like now. You can buy any stubble of Toona sinensis if you want.

Therefore, it is necessary to break the buds of Toona sinensis from the tree before it is too late, just like Zhang Ailing said, "Be famous before it is too early." Toona sinensis bud is a kind of leaf that takes the youth route. The younger it is, the more valuable it is, and so is leek. Toona sinensis became less and less valuable in the future. In the end, it was mixed in the green of poplar, French phoenix tree and locust tree, and became an ordinary neglected leaf.

Every spring, the Chinese Toona trees at the head of my building will be torn apart by long poles with hooks, almost bald, and their branches will be unscrewed to break off buds and abandoned on the ground, with different lengths and scattered all over the floor. I even thought that these trees were finished and life was coming to an end. However, after a few days, new buds began to sprout from other places, and they disappeared for a few days, and the trees were full of green. Toona sinensis is tossed once or twice every year, and then it comes back to life. It has tenacious vitality.

Yan Shu’s "Toon" said: "The trees in southern Chu are full of charm. Why use it for eight thousand years, Teng Ling is stunned by the bacteria. " The charm of Toona sinensis can be seen.

There are many ways to eat Toona sinensis, such as braising Toona sinensis in oil, scrambled eggs, and pickling into Toona sinensis sprouts, so enjoy your cooking. Most people eat the first crop of Toona sinensis, but few people care about the second crop, and it is no longer the poverty it used to be.

Although Toona sinensis has been eaten every year and eaten so many flavors, it was only at that time that the taste was amazing and then it was forgotten. Many years later, when I think of Toona sinensis, I was still in my grandmother’s yard when I was a child. In front of me was a big pot brought by my grandmother. I opened the steaming pot cover, and there was a pot of cooked Toona sinensis leaves in the pot. At this time, they can no longer be called Toona sinensis buds. They are mature leaves with thick joints and thick leaves, which are the last leaves that have been picked many times. These old leaves are cooked and salted to make pickles. Childhood is so poor that children don’t have any snacks to eat, so poor that they have to eat mature Toona sinensis leaves to make up for the lack of food.

Grandma took out a leaf from the pot, blew it on her mouth, and handed it to me if it was not too hot. I took it and put it in my mouth, and the skin on the pole was delicious, so I chewed it off bit by bit. The cooked leaves of Toona sinensis have a unique taste, without the delicacy of Toona sinensis buds, but with chewing heads. I have a handful of leaves in my left hand, my right hand is at my mouth, and my grandmother looks at me with a smile. She must feel that she has finally found something to eat for her nephew. Grandma is very happy.

Time has passed, the past has gone, and grandma’s smiling face is just fixed in the yard of that spring.

(The author is a member of the Writers Association of Zibo City, Shandong Province)


The cost of fashion: the "sweatshop" behind fast fashion, which has always been ignored by us.

"Every piece of clothing is behind a life."

Behind the fast fashion clothing brands that are popular all over the world today are "sweatshops", the British documentary BBC quoted the interviewees as saying.

A professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong once put forward the concept of "low-end globalization", which means that the raw materials behind a cup of coffee, a piece of clothing and a mobile phone are actually quite cheap.

Those developed countries that master the upstream technology independently complete the relevant design work, but they rely on workers in some underdeveloped areas to grow cotton, process clothes and assemble mobile phones, and then pay these workers extremely low remuneration, and finally sell their products at high prices, thus making a lot of profits.

This seems to be exaggerated, but in fact it is an out-and-out fact.

So, what kind of secret is hidden behind the fast fashion brand?

ZARA, Uniqlo … Since the 21st century, such fast fashion brands can be seen everywhere. They marched into major shopping malls all over the country, attracting the eyes of girls or men, which made them excited.

The reason why these fast fashion brands can last for a long time is that they can constantly innovate and design styles that are more popular and more popular with consumers.

At the same time, its low price is particularly "close to the people" for some college students with low consumption level and young people who go in and out of the workplace. Therefore, based on the above two reasons, fast fashion brands have become the main force in low-end shopping malls and even high-end shopping malls.

But I wonder if readers have ever wondered why these fast fashion brands can win the market with low prices. Is it because other clothing brands have too much premium? Or because of other unknown reasons?

(There are countless fast fashion brands)

Compared with fast fashion brands, some clothing brands are expensive, but the layout they design seems to be no different from other ordinary brands.

Especially in the current street fashion of luxury goods, a white shirt printed with the logo of luxury brands can be priced at several thousand yuan.

Presumably, some readers will also wonder, when the eye-catching logo disappears, how many consumers will the luxury goods with ordinary but expensive design attract?

This is actually directly related to the positioning of luxury goods. The main crowd of fast fashion brands is young people. The consumption level of 90% of young people can’t afford expensive luxury goods, and luxury goods are essentially customized for the rich.

(luxury shopping mall)

The physical store under the luxury line focuses on the noble service experience. Take Beijing as an example, in some high-end shopping malls, luxury stores will get the body size of the guests in advance, and then hire stars who are almost completely commensurate with the body size of the guests to try on the clothes, which saves the guests a lot of trouble. The guests only need to watch the whole process and do not need to try on the clothes in person-this is almost a high-end service with a 100% favorable rate.

In addition to the main quality service, what luxury goods do is to let the rich feel the fact that "I have money".

Therefore, even if it is a dress with a very common design style, its price will not be reduced. At this time, luxury goods are not only a piece of clothing, but also a symbol of consumption power and wealth level.

(Fast Fashion Brand)

Of course, there are also some luxury users who have a soft spot for luxury goods. Some fashion designers, after trying on a large number of luxury clothes, said that the clothes of luxury brands have a unique role in body modification, which ordinary brands can’t understand. Whether its words are true or not is only for readers to understand.

In fact, I have said so much to point out that the low pricing of fast fashion brands is actually decided by the merchants themselves, and it has little to do with the competition of other brands-all the competitors of fast fashion brands are other fast fashion brands.

The price of one company has become lower, and the other company has quickly launched preferential activities, which has led to a continuous decline in prices. But with the continuous reduction of the price, won’t it eventually lose money?

However, the prices of these fast fashion brand clothes seem to be beyond the bottom line. There are two 99 yuan and one 59 yuan brands everywhere in the shopping malls.

What is this? How can the price of fast fashion brands be so low? This has to start with the foundry of fast fashion brand clothing production.

Second, the origin of low prices of fast fashion brands

For ordinary people, there are four seasons in 365 days a year. But for fast fashion brands, there are 52 seasons in a year, and the main fashion style has only one week’s shelf life. After a week, your own style may be eliminated by the market.

(Female workers in outsourcing factories)

There is also a subtle meaning of this elimination, that is, fast fashion brands will find that other fast fashion brands have also made newer and cheaper clothes after imitating their own styles.

In addition, this week’s shelf life is also related to the design cycle of the fast fashion brand itself. In order to win a place among the fast fashion brands that have sprung up like mushrooms after rain, they must constantly update, and this update cycle is faster than the chip crisis that everyone was afraid of, and the whole process from design to sales is often completed every two weeks. After that, it will take another week to eliminate the latest clothing styles.

How to make your own brand design faster and produce faster has become the pursuit goal of all fast fashion brands.

In the design process, it must be handled by the designer who is in charge of himself, and the time must be relatively generous. If you rush, it may reduce the quality of the design style and thus lose a large number of customer groups.

(southeast Asian workers)

In this way, we can only compress the time as much as possible from the production process. For developed countries such as the United States and Japan, there are clear requirements for working hours in China. With the improvement of working intensity and the increase of overtime hours, factories must pay corresponding remuneration, which makes the cost of fast fashion brand production greatly increase, which is obviously not what manufacturers like.

Therefore, many fast fashion brands outsource their production to Southeast Asia in Asia, such as Bangladesh, Vietnam and Cambodia. These countries do not have strict labor protection laws and a relatively well-formed industrial system, and can only rely on external investment to earn foreign exchange. Therefore, the local government is even willing to help foreign enterprises "squeeze" their own workers.

The BBC once filmed a documentary called "The Real Cost" to show people what kind of working environment those squeezed groups are facing.

In Cambodia, there are 100 employees in a room of only 100 square meters. Everyone has a small space, and all food and drink must be solved in the seat. When overtime is the worst, you have to work for 12 hours a day.

What kind of 18 hours is this?

The factory is full of flying cotton wool, and the roar of machines is endless. All kinds of waste gas have been wandering in the factory without any filtration. They are not living, but living.

These workers have hardly learned any knowledge, only some experience in garment processing. They have become the cheapest labor products, repeating simple jobs day after day without any promotion.

In addition to this meaningless work, the safety environment of the factory is actually worrying.

In April 2013, a factory in Bangladesh suddenly collapsed. This factory is the outsourcing manufacturer responsible for the processing and production of fast fashion brands such as the United States, Spain and Denmark. A total of 4,000 people were killed or injured in this accident, which is shocking.

After the accident, the children of garment processing workers were crying on the ruins. Most of them lost their two most beloved relatives at once. No one knows how long they can last.

Just two months later, an accident happened at another outsourced garment factory in Cambodia, and hundreds of people were killed in the fire.

Even if they work overtime every day, the living environment is so bad every day, but the salaries of these workers are outrageous.

Let’s make a simple comparison: in the United States, a short skirt of a fast fashion brand is about $8, while the Cambodian worker who is responsible for processing and producing this short skirt may only earn $20 a month. No commission, no bonus, only dry dead wages.

In fact, in Cambodia, the minimum wage per month is around $60.

In the documentary, Cambodian workers held protests again and again, but they were all violently suppressed by the police, and their rights protection repeatedly failed.

After a period of protests, Cambodian workers quickly returned to their posts obediently.

Because they found that if they don’t do it themselves, there are more people who are willing to accept the job with a salary of only $20-countless people are willing to do this job.

Ironically, in 2013, various accidents occurred frequently in the history of clothing, but it was also a year full of fast fashion brands-the net profit of one year reached 3 trillion US dollars.

Until today, the status quo in Cambodia, Bangladesh and other places has not changed. Behind every piece of clothing are workers who bow their heads for life.

Therefore, there is no such thing as a low clothing price. Fast fashion brands can dare to mark the price so low because they are confident that the workers in the foundry must live on this job.

The price behind the seemingly low clothing price has long been marked: workers are on the one hand, and the environment is also on the other.

Because fast fashion brands rely on the word "fast", all kinds of raw materials are continuously transported into processing plants, and some discarded materials are discarded at will.

Among all countries in the world, India is one of the countries that undertake the most garment processing and manufacturing. In order to meet the production needs of some first-line sports brands and fast fashion brands, the Indian government has taken the initiative to plant a large number of genetically modified cotton in its own country.

But this kind of cotton is genetically modified, which means that they have no seeds. Every time they are planted, farmers must re-select seeds and buy pesticides again, otherwise the good land will be abandoned.

As a result, the cost of planting cotton is rising every time, because each kind of cotton needs more fertilizer once.

In the end, the cost of planting even far exceeds the income of harvest. What else can farmers rely on to make a living?

The most famous event is that in the past few years, hundreds of thousands of migrant workers in India committed suicide because of land problems. The murderer behind it, one is the Indian government, and the other is the fast fashion brands in various countries.

However, the harm is far more than that.

As a result of spraying a lot of pesticides, the fields in rural India are full of all kinds of stench, and the drainage ditches are also mixed with all kinds of residual pesticides. Every day, tens of thousands of tons of toxic wastewater flows into the domestic water of the city, killing people.

Some Indians suffer from strange skin diseases because of drinking poisonous river water, and some even have symptoms of hemiplegia. Toxic waste water is harmful to people.

In addition to these manufacturers who are responsible for clothing outsourcing, some countries that buy fast fashion consumer brands on a large scale are also facing various cloth pollution problems.

In the United States, 120 million tons of cloth waste will not be properly treated every year, and it will take at least 200 years for these wastes to degrade naturally.

So, how to deal with this rubbish? Americans choose to discard them in Southeast Asia and reprocess them in developing China countries. In the not-too-distant past, China was once the largest import market for "foreign garbage" in the world.

But for those countries where the industrial system has not been completely built, it is a big problem to deal with garbage.

Garbage transportation, garbage classification, garbage landfill treatment … Every link must have enough money to support and enough technology to guarantee.

Those Southeast Asian countries that blindly accept the garbage produced by European and American countries have gradually realized that "foreign garbage" is a bottomless pit, and all kinds of garbage are continuously transported, but the total amount of global garbage has not decreased at all-the more garbage those countries in Southeast Asia handle, the more garbage produced by European and American countries, and there is no end in sight.

In fact, the definition of fast fashion is not limited to the clothing industry, but the influence of the clothing industry is too great for people to pay attention to. Like coffee industry, IT industry and aquaculture, there are more or less behaviors of squeezing the bottom workers.

In the spring of 2022, Starbucks, an internationally renowned coffee giant, substantially raised the prices of its products. In addition to young people in the city, farmers who grow coffee beans in Yunnan also paid special attention to this news.

According to common sense, the price increase of products is often the price increase of raw materials. But in fact, farmers in Yunnan will not earn a penny more, or even benefit from it.

Yunnan’s coffee production accounts for almost 100% of China’s total coffee production, and spring is the time when coffee plantations are in full swing. Starbucks announced the price increase at this time, but all the farmers still can’t make money.

Starbucks sells a cup of coffee for 40 yuan, and farmers can only earn 20 cents. Some foreign coffee merchants bought coffee beans from Yunnan at a low price, then transported them abroad for deep processing, and finally resold them to China consumers at a high price-realizing the goal of eating them all, and ultimately, not only coffee farmers, but also young people in the city were damaged.

Farmers in Yunnan, like the bottom-level laborers in Southeast Asian countries, seem to be in the trend of rapid growth of fast fashion brands, but in fact they can only be reduced to the bottom part, earning the meager profits and making the hardest efforts.

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