Three highlights of domestic large amphibious aircraft AG600′ s first flight on water

  Xinhua News Agency, Wuhan, October 20th Title: Planes that can "swim" and ships that can "fly" — — Three highlights of domestic large amphibious aircraft AG600′ s first flight on water

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Pi Shuchu, Hu Zhe and Li Jinfeng

  On October 20, the "Kunlong" AG600 slid to the surface of the water to prepare for takeoff. At 9: 05 on the same day, the domestic large-scale amphibious aircraft "Jilong" AG600 successfully achieved its first flight on the water at Zhanghe Airport in Jingmen, Hubei. Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Minshe

  "Kun can turn feathers into the sky, and the wind is 90,000; The dragon can shake the scales across the sea and hit the water for 3 thousand. "

  On the 20th, a large amphibious aircraft independently developed by China — — "Kunlong" AG600 successfully made its first flight on the water at Zhanghe Airport in Jingmen, Hubei.

  At this point, China’s big plane has finally taken a complete step of "going into the sea", and the outline of building an aviation power has become clearer.

  Braving the wind and waves: How many hurdles does "Kunlong" need to go through to hit the water?

  Slide at high speed, take off, and gently enter the water and splash. In everyone’s expectation, after successfully completing the first flight on land, the "Zhenlong" AG600 braved the wind and waves to hand over a bright first flight answer sheet on the water.

  “‘ Kunlong ’ It is currently the largest amphibious aircraft under research in the world. " Huang Lingcai, chief designer of AG600 aircraft, said that although "Jilong" had successfully made its first flight on land in Zhuhai at the end of last year, for an amphibious large aircraft, it must undergo the test of taking off and landing on the water before it can be called amphibious.

  On October 17th, Huang Lingcai, the chief designer of AG600 aircraft, introduced the features of this aircraft (video screenshot). Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiong Qishe

  At present, there are few countries in the world that can develop amphibious large aircraft, and the key water take-off and landing are in technical blockade. The first flight of "Kunlong" on water faces at least three major difficulties:

  — — Wade through the water. There are planes on the shore and big ships on the water. The fuselage and wingspan are similar to Boeing 737, and the take-off weight reaches more than 50 tons. How to ensure that the structure of the aircraft is watertight when it is on the water? Compared with the ship speed of about 30 knots, the take-off speed of AG600 on the water surface reaches 100 knots, and the water surface exerts great pressure on the bottom structure. Under the influence of surface wind and waves, it is a great test whether the aircraft is stable and the control system is normal.

  — — Operation off. Compared with the land flight, the landing gear is different for the first flight on water. The water take-off and landing depends on the hull taking off and landing on the water surface. In addition to the influence of the water surface environment, the aerodynamic characteristics of the hull and the aircraft itself need to be repeatedly practiced and accurately mastered by the pilot. In particular, it is much more difficult to master the attitude of leaving and landing than landing and landing on land.

  — — Airworthiness clearance. As a civil aircraft, it must obtain the airworthiness certificate issued by the national civil aviation authority before it can carry out flight activities. AG600 is the first time to carry out airworthiness review of water chartered flight in China, and the relevant reference materials and work experience are relatively scarce. In addition, the localization rate of the whole machine equipment is high, and it is difficult to review the airworthiness between different standards.

  On the basis of intensive experiments in the early stage, "Kunlong" made more than 10 sorties of low, medium and high-speed taxiing on Zhanghe Reservoir in Jingmen. Through real-time monitoring, the aerodynamic maneuverability, stability and watertightness of the aircraft are verified, and the aircraft systems work normally and stably, so that the flight crew can be familiar with and master the water taxiing, take-off and landing characteristics of the AG600 aircraft.

  At the same time, the AG600 aircraft development team carried out a large number of targeted tests and analysis and evaluation work. After reviewing 365 test and analysis tasks, the Shanghai Airworthiness Certification Center of the Civil Aviation Administration focused on reviewing and issuing the first water flight license. Test flight outline, technical quality and release evaluation of the first flight on water & HELIP; … After a series of preparatory work is completed, the AG600 has passed all the thresholds, waiting for the first flight on the water.

  "Report, AG600 successfully completed the first flight mission on the water!" The brief and powerful report voice of the first flight crew made the first flight site once again a sea of celebration.

  Zhao Jingbo, general manager of the Zhuhai Base of Aviation Industry and deputy commander of the AG600 project, said that the first flight on the water was particularly smooth, and the monitoring data was basically consistent with the theoretical calculation, which indicated that "Xunlong" had fully taken off and landed on the water and truly became a "meeting ‘ You ’ The plane "and" will ‘ Fly ’ The ship. "

  "The AG600 large-scale amphibious aircraft has verified the ability of taking off, flying in the air and landing on the water, successfully completed the major milestone of the first flight on the water, and took another solid step in the development process." Tan Ruisong, chairman of China Aviation Industry Corporation, said.

  Rescue and fire fighting: what is the use of large amphibious aircraft?

  Pumping water quickly, large fire area. There are 4 watertight boxes in the hull part, which can draw up to 12 tons of water at a time during sliding, and the fastest time is only 20 seconds; When you arrive at the fire, you can throw water at a height of 30 meters to 50 meters from the treetops, and a single throw of water can cover nearly 10 basketball courts.

  Long voyage and long battery life. The rescue radius can reach 1500 kilometers, which is equivalent to the distance from Sanya to Zengmu shoal in the southernmost part of China. The flight speed is more than ten times that of the salvage ship, and the disadvantages of slow rescue speed and short legs of helicopters are completely eliminated.

  High wave resistance and wide land and sea uses. The hull also has a high wave-resistant design, which can not only search at low altitude on the water surface, but also carry out surface rescue operations under the complex meteorological conditions of 2-meter-high waves, and the water emergency rescue can rescue 50 people in distress at one time. Remote island reefs and plateau lakes can show their talents in material transportation … …

  The rich functional uses of "Kunlong" make it a veritable "all-rounder".

  "AG600 is a large-scale special-purpose civil aircraft first developed in China to meet the urgent needs of forest fire fighting and water rescue." Luo Ronghuai, general manager of China Aviation Industry Corporation, said that the AG600 aircraft is a major aviation equipment urgently needed for the construction of the national emergency rescue system, which is of great significance for improving the supply capacity and level of domestic civil aircraft products, effectively promoting the leap-forward development of China’s emergency rescue aviation equipment system, and boosting the construction of a maritime power.

  In order to achieve and meet various design indicators and functional requirements, since the establishment of the AG600 project in 2009, the research team has continuously overcome difficulties, completed more than 100 large-scale tests and more than 3,000 equipment safety tests, and confirmed thousands of components manufacturing compliance projects and tens of thousands of manufacturing compliance inspection procedures.

  "According to ‘ Amphibious, multi-type and serial development ’ The design idea, from project establishment, design, joint manufacturing by major aircraft manufacturers, to airworthiness signing and final assembly, almost every step of AG600 is an attempt and breakthrough of large special aircraft. " Huang Lingcai said.

  Compared with the conventional civil aviation aircraft, the main landing gear of the AG600 can only be stowed in the fairing of the fuselage level because the bottom of the fuselage is the shape of the bottom of the ship and the wing is the upper wing. The landing gear of the AG600 is higher than that of the conventional aircraft.

  "As the highest single-strut landing gear in China, in addition to the structural strength requirements, it will also have similar problems of walking on stilts, and the high center of gravity is easy to be unstable." Cheng Zhihang, a designer of Zhuhai General Aviation R&D and Manufacturing Base, said that after three-dimensional modeling and motion simulation technology, the project team continued to test and solve problems, and finally manufactured the highest and most complicated single-leg landing gear in China.

  Chen Yuanxian, deputy general manager of China Aviation Industry Corporation, said that the successful first flight of "Kunlong" on the water indicates that China has completely mastered the completely independent intellectual property rights of the overall design, aerodynamic structure and avionics system of large-scale amphibious aircraft. "Next, AG600 will speed up the development and enter the market as soon as possible to meet the needs of the national emergency rescue system construction for large-scale aviation equipment."

  The future can be expected: What new trends does the big plane highlight in China aviation development?

  Yun 20 carried out boundary limit test, C919 continued flight test and strived for airworthiness approval as soon as possible … … This time, with the successful first flight of the AG600 on the water, China’s domestic large aircraft research and development road continues to be steady and far-reaching.

  For a period of time, "Made in China" or "Assembled in China"? "Heart disease" and other "stuck neck" problems and "core-missing pain" in the fields of aero-engines, avionics systems and aviation materials are still unavoidable problems in China aviation manufacturing industry.

  Liu Daxiang, an aero-engine expert and academician of China Academy of Engineering, once admitted that aero-engines are our "weakness" compared with aviation powers. China aircraft calls for a strong "China heart", and aviation "key technologies" such as aero-engines, avionics systems and high-end materials need to be broken through.

  "The product of the wind is not thick, and its negative wings are powerless." The four engines assembled on the AG600 this time are domestic turboprop 6 engines, and the aero-engines in China are moving from "basically available" to "basically usable".

  Throughout the world, in terms of amphibious aircraft, Japan currently has an advanced amphibious aircraft US-2; Russia’s "Bie" series seaplanes are widely used in the military and civilian fields; The CL-415 amphibious aircraft developed by Canada can be used for search, patrol and rescue, and is equipped with the Canadian Coast Guard. Lockheed Company of the United States has been engaged in the research and development of seaplanes for a long time, and has provided various design schemes for the navy to choose from.

  The highest and most complicated single-strut landing gear in China, innovative hull structure and advanced aerodynamic layout … … Faced with many thorny technical problems, the main research and development team behind AG600, with an average age of only 35 years, has always pursued national interests, infiltrated youthful passion into the design, research and development and manufacturing of every component, and wrote the struggle answer sheet of aviation in the new era with practical actions.

  Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that from the start of ARJ21 to the development of aircraft such as C919 and AG600, it marks that China’s civil aviation industry has stood at a new starting point in the new era and made new progress, which indicates that the development of China’s civil aviation industry will enter the fast lane. "It will be a huge impetus to the structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading of the country’s entire manufacturing industry."

  "Tonghua Wan Li Danshan Road, the young phoenix is clearer than the old phoenix." Constantly introduce new products and constantly sprint the cutting edge — — Looking forward to the future, people will not only see the AG600, but also see more and more China wings flying for nine days.

  After China’s self-developed large transport plane Yun 20 was delivered and installed, and the C919 passenger plane made its first flight, the large amphibious aircraft AG600, one of the three brothers of China’s large aircraft, also successfully made its first flight on the water, marking an important step in the construction of China’s aviation power.

  "Kunlong" hit the water and dreamed of taking off. With the support of the three domestic big aircraft brothers, there will be more domestic big aircraft coming out in the future, and the pedigree of multi-model and multi-purpose China aircraft will be more complete, which will become another vivid annotation of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream. This requires China’s aviation industry to make persistent efforts, continue to carry forward the spirit of serving the country by aviation, earnestly implement the new development concept, vigorously promote innovation and development, and strive to build an internationally competitive brand made in China, so as to transform "Made in China" into "Created in China" and strive to achieve the goal of building an aviation power!

Mobile phone letters and visits run for half a year: you can see the process like online shopping.

  On July 1st and September 1st this year, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls successively opened a "channel" for letters and visits on mobile phones — — The mobile phone petition platform and WeChat WeChat official account will further broaden the channels for expressing people’s demands. These new channels for letters and visits have been in operation for nearly half a year. What is the effect now?

  What about the new channels of letters and visits such as mobile phone platform and WeChat?

  By the end of November, there were over 60,000 registered users and 80,000 letters and visits.

  "It’s great, you don’t have to go out and move your fingers, and the problems reflected will be solved!" Not long ago, Wang of Huai ‘an City, Jiangsu Province reported the inconvenience caused by the renovation of dangerous bridges in the village through the online petition platform. The next day, she inquired that the Jiangsu Provincial Bureau for Letters and Calls had accepted it. On the fourth day, the local government began to solve the problem.

  On January 1, 2015, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls established and operated the National Information System for Letters and Calls, realizing the nationwide "One Netcom" with vertical connectivity to towns and streets and horizontal coverage of relevant responsible departments.

  On this basis, on July 1st and September 1st this year, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls successively launched the mobile phone petition platform and WeChat WeChat official account, making it more convenient and efficient. The process and results of the petitions handled by the masses through the mobile phone petition platform can be inquired, tracked, supervised and evaluated. The reporter saw on the WeChat WeChat official account of the State Bureau for Letters and Calls that WeChat official account currently has three functions: information on letters and visits, guide to letters and visits and online letters and visits. By paying attention to this micro-signal, you can submit a complaint request or make suggestions in the online letters and visits channel, and you can also inquire about the handling of letters and visits and evaluate your satisfaction.

  By the end of November, more than 60,000 users had registered through the mobile phone petition platform of the State Bureau for Letters and Calls and WeChat WeChat official account, and the number of petitions reached 80,000. At the same time, all parts of the country have followed suit. 14 provinces including Anhui, Hunan and Xinjiang have set up mobile phone letters and visits, and 21 provinces including Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Guizhou and Gansu have opened WeChat letters and visits. Online letters and visits have gradually become the main channel for mass letters and visits.

  How to make online letters and visits efficient and transparent?

  The process, methods and results are all open online, so that the masses can become "supervisors" and "referees" of letters and visits.

  "This platform can see every step of the specific process, just like online shopping can see whether the seller has delivered the goods and where it has gone. It is really convenient." Bao, from Haiyang City, Shandong Province, reported the damage of the road in front of his house through online letters and visits, and received a reply on the same day.

  On July 1 this year, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls promulgated and implemented the Measures for Simple Handling of Letters and Visits (Trial), which requires that opinions should be given within 10 working days after accepting the letters and visits that can be handled simply, so as to accept and handle the letters and visits more conveniently and quickly.

  At the same time, according to the "Regulations on Letters and Visits" and the "Working Rules for Online Handling of Letters and Visits (Trial)" of the State Bureau for Letters and Calls, all localities have standardized the letters and visits business, so that there are rules to follow. Twenty-four provinces, including Shanxi, Jilin and Ningxia, have formulated rules for handling online letters and visits, further optimizing business processes and putting standardization requirements throughout the whole process.

  "Relying on the national petition information system, the handling process, handling methods and handling results of petitions can be made public online, and petitioners can inquire about the handling process and results at any time, avoiding going back and forth." In addition, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls also said that it is also the focus of online letters and visits to let the masses evaluate the solution of the letters and visits, let the masses become "supervisors" and "referees" in the work of letters and visits, and actively guide the petitioners to evaluate their satisfaction. At present, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls has revised and improved the satisfaction evaluation method, and promoted all localities to improve the participation rate of the masses and the satisfaction rate of the masses.

  How do large and small systems break through the "barriers"?

  Integrate the scattered "small windows" of letters and visits, and "one netcom" allows the masses to travel less and benefit more.

  At present, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls has realized the interconnection with 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and the provincial, municipal and county-level letters and visits working institutions of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, more than 80,000 functional departments and towns (streets), and 33 central and state organs and ministries.

  At the same time, all localities are also stepping up efforts to promote the integration of resources on the online petition platform at the same level. Tianjin, Zhejiang and other places have connected the leadership mailbox with the petition information system, and integrated the scattered online petition "small windows" into an online complaint hall to reduce repeated complaints from the masses and repeated referrals from departments, thus realizing "one netcom". Jiangxi, Shandong, Hubei and other places have established self-service facilities for online letters and visits in counties and townships to better facilitate the masses. From January to November this year, the number of online letters and visits nationwide was 971,000, up 102% year-on-year, which effectively reduced the cost of letters and visits by the masses and realized that the masses traveled less and benefited more.

  The relevant person in charge of the State Bureau of Letters and Calls said that in recent years, various localities have made great efforts to solve problems, and a number of letters and visits have been effectively resolved. However, in some places, problems were not handled in time and were not solved in place, which led to repeated online complaints; In some places, the previous "handling opinions" are used as the handling results of the backlog report, but the problem of letters and visits has not been substantially solved, and there is a problem of "doing without finishing", so it is necessary to continue to intensify efforts to resolve it.

  According to the introduction of the State Bureau for Letters and Calls, after continuous adaptation and improvement, the national information system for letters and calls has been running smoothly on the whole. Next, efforts should be made to improve the application and optimize the functions. At present, the coverage of the national petition information system has basically achieved the "vertical to the end" of the five-level petition work institutions at the national, provincial, municipal, county and township (street) levels, but there is still a problem of incomplete coverage of functional departments in most places horizontally. The next step will focus on promoting the full coverage of the application of the petition information system by functional departments.

"Japan’s blatant discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea is extremely irresponsible for the future of mankind."

  On August 24th, the Japanese government ignored the opposition from home and abroad and unilaterally forced the Fukushima nuclear polluted water to be discharged into the sea. People from many countries and the media pointed out that the legitimacy, legality and safety of Japan’s plan to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea have been questioned by the international community. The Japanese government ignored the legitimate concerns of all parties, violated its international obligations, and forced nuclear polluted water to be discharged into the sea, endangering the marine environment and human health and infringing on the legitimate rights and interests of neighboring countries. It was extremely selfish and irresponsible.

  "It will destroy the marine environment, damage the social economy and bring negative effects to the whole world."

  On the afternoon of August 22nd, the "National Action to Prevent Japan’s Radioactive Contaminated Water from Discharging into the Sea" and the Common Democratic Party, the largest opposition party in South Korea, held emergency press conferences in front of the Japanese Embassy in South Korea to protest against the Japanese government’s launching of nuclear contaminated water discharge into the sea. The delegates attending the rally held slogans such as "Swear to the death to oppose (nuclear polluted water) discharging into the sea" and "The sea is not a nuclear dump in Japan" and shouted slogans such as "Immediately withdraw the decision to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea".

  The Common Democratic Party issued a statement on the 22nd, saying: "Japan, as a member of the international community, ignored the international laws and standards that should be respected and made destructive decisions, which violated the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the London Convention on Dumping." The statement on "National Action to Prevent Japan’s Radioactive Contaminated Water from Discharging into the Sea" said that under the circumstance that the safety of Fukushima nuclear contaminated water discharge into the sea could not be confirmed by experts, the Japanese government still pushed this plan, "which will destroy the marine environment, damage the social economy and bring negative effects to the whole world".

  On the 23rd, environmental groups and civil society groups all over Korea continued to hold protests. The Common Democratic Party held a rally in front of the main building of the National Assembly that night. More than 1,000 people attended the rally, and all parties demanded that the Japanese government immediately withdraw its plan to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea. Li Zaiming, a representative of the Common Democratic Party, said that Japan had launched an imperialist war of aggression and threatened neighboring countries, but now it has once again brought irreparable disasters to South Korea and countries along the Pacific Ocean by discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea.

  The South Korean government said on the 24th that it will continue to maintain the import ban on aquatic products in Fukushima and other places in Japan. Yonhap News Agency reported that the start of the work of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea will cause Korean people to worry about the safety of aquatic products. South Korea’s "Korean National Daily" published an editorial saying that the Japanese government decided to forcibly discharge Fukushima nuclear polluted water into the ocean. "This behavior is a crime against history." Japan’s move completely ignores the opposition and worries of many countries and people in the world.

  South Korea’s "Jingxiang News" published an editorial saying that the safety of nuclear polluted water discharged into the sea has not been scientifically verified. Japan concealed the fact that the multi-nuclide treatment system (ALPS) often broke down from the initial stage of its startup, and rejected the request of the International Atomic Energy Agency to collect samples to confirm the performance of ALPS. In the next few decades, it is difficult to ensure that accidents or wrong operations will not occur. Although experts have put forward methods such as concrete preservation of nuclear contaminated water, Japan has chosen the most economical method of discharging it into the sea. The discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea harms people’s right to live safely and is an act of passing on the danger to the future generation. "Nuclear pollution will flow around the world along ocean currents. In case of problems, the responsibility will be entirely borne by Japan."

  Kim Hyun-cheol, Dean of the School of International Studies at Seoul National University, told this reporter that after the defeat of the Pacific War, Japan has always stressed that it was a victim of the nuclear explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, avoiding the introspection and apology needed as a war victim. Now, Japan has begun to discharge nuclear polluted water into the sea again, which has undoubtedly become an injurer threatening the safety of all mankind.

  "The Japanese government’s actions, regardless of the safety and worries of neighboring countries, endanger the food chain of all mankind and are tantamount to criminal acts."

  Matai Serimaya, Vanuatu’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, called on the 23rd for the Pacific region to take strong actions to resist Japan’s actions. "Unless it can be proved beyond dispute that the nuclear polluted water is safe, Japan cannot discharge it into the sea".

  The Fiji NGO Human Rights League issued a statement saying that Japan’s discharge of nuclear polluted water into the Pacific Ocean violated the human rights of all people in the Pacific region, which would pose a great threat to marine life and the livelihood of people in the Asia-Pacific region who depend on marine resources.

  "Japan’s actions are undoubtedly selfish, irresponsible and arrogant, which will cause permanent damage to marine ecology." Joseph Matthews, a senior professor at Bertai International University in Cambodia, said that in the next few decades, radioactive substances in nuclear polluted water will remain in Japanese waters and even the entire Pacific Ocean, which will greatly affect the global seafood trade. "The Japanese government’s actions, regardless of the safety and worries of neighboring countries, endanger the food chain of all mankind and are tantamount to criminal acts."

  "Japan’s blatant discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea is extremely irresponsible for the future of mankind, and radioactive substances in the ocean will always affect the development of mankind." Laurel, founder of the Philippine BRICS Policy Research Association, said that there are a large number of fishermen living by the sea in the Philippines, and the nuclear polluted water will affect the livelihood of these fishermen and the global seafood production and trade. "Will the Japanese government compensate for these losses?"

  Alfred Welissa Gonzaga, editor-in-chief of Solomon Islands’ mainstream media, the Solomon Star, said that in the implementation of the whole plan of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea, Japan did not focus on protecting the interests of the Pacific Ocean, but tried its best to achieve the purpose of discharging the sea.

  Daryl Guppy, a well-known Australian political commentator, said in an interview with this reporter that discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea is not an ideal option. "If the Japanese side really has confidence in the safety statement, it may be necessary to discharge the nuclear polluted water into its own land water source."

  "This is an atrocity that violates the human rights of people in Fukushima, other neighboring counties and the Asia-Pacific region."

  Greenpeace issued a statement on the 22nd, criticizing the Japanese government for ignoring scientific evidence and violating the human rights of people in Japan and the Pacific region.

  The statement stressed that scientists warned that the radioactive risk of these nuclear polluted waters has not been fully assessed. This emission plan failed to conduct a comprehensive environmental impact assessment in accordance with the requirements of international legal obligations.

  Sean Bernie, a senior nuclear expert in Greenpeace’s East Asia region, said: "The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant is still in crisis, which has caused unprecedented serious harm, and there is no credible reactor scrapping plan at present. The Japanese government did not give an honest explanation on this issue, but deliberately polluted the marine environment by radioactivity for decades. This is an atrocity that violates the human rights of people in Fukushima, other neighboring counties and the Asia-Pacific region. "

  On the 22nd, the website of Russian Viewpoint quoted experts as saying that once Japan starts discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea, it will cause serious harm to marine life and human beings. Japan is conducting the largest experiment of deliberately polluting the ocean in human history. It is completely reasonable for neighboring countries in Japan to oppose the discharge of nuclear polluted water into the sea. Japan’s behavior of ignoring disputes and focusing on its own short-term interests will threaten the ecological environment in the Asia-Pacific region.

  CNN reported that there is no technology to remove tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. Some scientists worry that even if the nuclear polluted water is diluted, it may cause harm to marine life, and pollutants may accumulate in the already fragile ecosystem.

  The New York Times issued a document saying that the incident of Japanese nuclear polluted water being discharged into the sea set a "wrong example". Japan’s decision-making is "neither transparent nor inclusive", which is bound to trigger decades of debate in the future.

  According to the website of the British magazine Nature, Robert Richmond, a member of the nuclear expert group of the Pacific Island Forum and director of the Kevalo Marine Laboratory at the University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA, asked whether people who promoted the process of discharging nuclear polluted water into the sea proved that it was safe for the marine environment and human health. "The answer is no". Richmond said that several of their scientists have reviewed all the data provided by TEPCO and the Japanese government and visited the Fukushima nuclear power plant, but the questions about tritium and carbon 14 have not been answered.

  According to Deutsche Bahn, German environmental organizations criticized Japan’s forced launch of nuclear pollution water discharge into the sea. The German Federation for Environment and Nature Conservation said that "the ocean is not a garbage dump".

  (Reporter Shine Wong, Ma Fei, Zhao Yipu, Chen Xiaowei, Li Zhiwei, Xiao Xinxin, Guo Ziyun, Shang Kaiyuan, Liu Hui)